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Public Private Partnership Models (in Hindi)
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PPP models

Aartee Mishra is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Aartee Mishra
Delhi University Topper YouTube Channel - Happiest Human Successfully Taught 20 GS Batches Made Free Courses on All Standard Books of UPSC.

Unacademy user
The Notes and questions solved are point to point exact replica of the notes i made at Made Easy,
remedies for ppp can be- 1. project handover to those companies who have better track records in the past 2. quality of the project should be matched with the desired level which gets hampered due to delay in funding by the gov.t or the order as inflation increases
3. proper monitoring of the project by the government and the officials with the help of technology assets
remedies 1- Penalties regarding delaying in completing of project. 2- Good and frequent monitoring throughout the duration of project. 3- digitization of monitoring and uploading on digital mediums.
model should be given to those private players who have:- 1- more experienced in that field. 2- Private company should not have more projects so that they can focus on their projects. Government should give their payment on time .
  1. Daily Lecture Series ingh's A brief summarof i ndian EConomy Industry and tafastructure-A unacademy By Aartee Mishra st


  2. /am Aartee Mishra Graduated from Delhi University, Topper in all my semesters, Pursuing P.G and preparing for CSE. 2 Years of teaching experience of General Studies for competitive examination Have been teaching on Unacademy Plus


  3. Comprehensive course of Art and Culture with Brief Indian History Comprehensively cover entire Art and Culture with Brief History Aartee Mishra of India Course Starting 18th June, 11am-12pm Unacademy Plus Elaborately explain topics V24 detailed lessons covering all the essential topics related to from History UPSC Civil Services Prelims and Mains Examination Art and Culture with Brief History from NCERT books Medieval History, Art & Culture from Tamil Nadu History book on #At the end of the program adept and able to solve the exam based test papers


  4. PPP Model Managing adequate amount of fund for infrastructure development has been always a challenge for India. In reform era, the government evolved the idea of public private partnership (PPP) for the sector aimed at attracting investments from the private sector (domestic as well as foreign) BOT-TOLL: The 'Build-Operate-Transfer-Toll' was one of the earliest models of PPP. Other than sharing the project cost (with the Government) the private bidder was to build, maintain, operate the road and collect toll on the vehicular traffic BOT-ANNUITY: The private players were offered a fixed amount of money annually (called 'annuity') as compensation-the party bidding for the minimum 'annuity' used to get the project. Toll collection was the responsibility of the Government EPC MODEL: The private developers were supposed to design, construct and hand over the road projects to the government-maintenance, operation and toll collection being the government's responsibilities. Contract was given to the private player who offered to construct roads at the lowest cost/price guaranteeing the desired quality levels


  5. PPP Model HAM: Hybrid Annuity Model (HAM) is a mix of EPC and BOTANNUITY models. In this model the project cost is shared by the government and the private player in ratio of 40:60, respectively The private player is responsible to construct and hand over the roads to the government which will collect toll (if wishes)-maintenance remaining the responsibility of the private player till the annuity period Private player is paid a fixed sum of economic compensation (called 'annuity' similar to the BOT-ANNUITY model of past) by the government for a fixed tenure (normally 15 years, though it is flexible). The private player which demands lowest annuity (in bidding) gets the contract Swiss Challenge Model: In this, one bidder is asked by the government to submit the proposal for the project which is put in public domain. Afterwards, several other bidders submit their proposals aimed at improving and beating the original (first) bidder-finally an improved bid is selected (called counter proposal). If the original bidder is not able to match the counter proposal, the project is awarded to the counter bidder. Government has made it an online method


  6. CHALLANGES AND REMEDIES The infrastructure projects were hit by variety of hurdles: Delays in project approval - causing high cost over-runs Delays in land acquisition Scarcity of fund due to longer gestation periods Drawbacks in the existing PPP format A situation of policy paralysis form 2010-11 to 2013-14 Slowdown in growth of the economy (due to global and domestic slackness)


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