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Why Land Reforms were not successful (in Hindi)
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Chapter 8

Aartee Mishra is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Aartee Mishra
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  1. aily Lecture Series Ramesh Singh's) A brief Summaryof unacadeny By Aartee Mishra Indian Economy Agriculture and Food Management-A Hindi


  2. lam Aartee Mishra Graduated from Delhi University, Topper in all my semesters, Pursuing P.G and preparing for CSE. 2 Years of teaching experience of General Studies for competitive examination Have been teaching on Unacademy Plus


  3. Land Reforms The whole attempt of land reforms in India is considered a big failure by majority of experts. Many consider the issue of land reforms in India as the most complex socio-economic problem of human history. Data regarding the numerical achievements of land reforms have been highly discouraging Tenancy reforms provided tenants with rights, but only on 4 per cent of the total operated areas in the country (14.4 million hectares of operated area by 11 million tenants by 1992) Redistribution of ownership rights of land took place, but only upto 2 per cent of the total operated area in the country (less than 2 million hectares among the 4.76 million people by 1992) Taken together, the whole process of land reforms could benefit only 6 per cent of the operated area of the country with a negligible socio economic positive impact


  4. Reasons for Failure of Land Reforms Land in India is considered a symbol of social prestige, status and identity unlike the other economies which succeeded in their land reform programmes, where it is seen as just an economic asset for incomeearning Lack of political will which was required to affect land reforms and make it a successful programme > Delays and litigation :There was a time gap between announcement of policy and enactment of laws and their actual implementation. This enabled the conscious landlords to dispute their surplus land through fictitious transfer and sale. Further, the legal cases filed in the courts also delayed the progress.


  5. Land Reforms Poor Land Records : The land records in our country are either non- existent or defective and unclear. This considerably slowed down the progress. Further, in many states, the administrative machinery supported the rich land-owning group. Consequently, there was unnecessary delay in identification, acquisition and distribution of land Legal Loopholes The land ceiling laws have various loopholes. The rich farmers took the advantages of these defects and escaped from the ceiling net spread by the Government. The ceiling law did not make detailed provision for benami transfer of land Lack of Peasant awareness: The peasants were unaware of the land reform laws. They could not create a pressure on the Govt. through an articulate peasant movement due to their ignorance.


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