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Land Reforms (in Hindi)
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Chapter 8 part-3

Aartee Mishra is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Aartee Mishra
Delhi University Topper Post Graduation in History YouTube & Telegram Channel - Rank secure. Successfully Taught 40 GS Batches/ Motivator

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mam kya ye puri book h economic ki pls tell me
mam kya ye puri book h economic ki pls tell me
mam kya ye puri book h economic ki pls tell me
mam kya ye puri book h economic ki pls tell me
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  3. aily Lecture Series Ramesh Singh's) A brief Summaryof unacadeny By Aartee Mishra Indian Economy Agriculture and Food Management-A Hindi


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  5. Land Reforms To realise the objectives of land reforms, the government took three main steps which had many internal sub-steps: >Abolition of Intermediaries Under this step, the age-old exploitative land tenure systems of the Zamindari, Mahalwari and Ryotwari were fully abolished Tenancy Reforms Under this broader step, three inter-related reforms protecting the land tenants were effected: Regulation of rent so that a fixed and rational rate of rent could be paid by the share-croppers to the land owners Security of tenure so that a share-cropper could feel secure about his future income and his economic security Ownership rights to tenants so that the landless masses (i.e., the tenants, the share-croppers) could get the final rights for the land they plough "land to the tillers"


  6. Reorganisation of Agriculture fgnure n excoplions such as WBn 1. Redistribution of land among the landless poor masses after promulgating timely ceiling laws-the move failed badly with few Kera araly n Anda radesh Land ceiling act implies settling maximum size of land holding that an individual/family can own. Land over and above the ceiling limit, called surplus land On the off chance that, if the individual/family possesses more land than the ceiling limit, the surplus area is taken away (with or without paying remuneration to original owner) .This surplus land is distributed among small farmers, tenants, landless labourers or handed over to village panchayat or Given to cooperative farming societies.


  7. Land Reforms Consolidation of land could only succeed in the regions of the Green Revolution (i.e., Haryana, Punjab and western Uttar Pradesh) and remained marred with many loopholes and corruption Consolidation of Landholdings: The fragmentation of land implies a single farm consists of numerous discrete parcels, often scattered over a large area. It results in inefficient use of soil, capital, and labour in the form of boundary lands and boundary disputes and litigation costs. Efficiency of cultivation is considerably reduced and also prevents land improvement. Consolidation refers to reorganization of fragmented holdings into one plot. Of all the land reform measures, this has received the least critical appreciation The land consolidation was resisted by the small and marginal landowners because of the fear of displacement among tenants and sharecroppers and lack of updated land records; the perceived advantage of having land in fragmented parcels in the event of floods and other natural calamities or acquisition for public purposes


  8. Land Reforms Cooperative farming, which has a high socio-economic moral base, was only used by the big farmers to save their lands from the draconian ceiling laws. Cooperative farming refers to an organisation in which each member-farmer remains the owner of his land individually but farming is done jointly Profit is distributed among the member-farmers in the ratio of land owned by thenm Wages distributed among the member-farmers according to number of days they worked In other words, Cooperative farming pooling of land and practicing joint agriculture. Cooperative farming is not a new concept in India. Since ancient times, Indian farmers have been giving mutual aid to each other in weeding, harvesting etc


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