PSYCHOLOGY AS AN OPTIONAL IN WBCS PRESENTED BY MOULI ROY
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SCOPE OF PSYCHOLOGY
SCOPE OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology today covers enormous range of scope or fields. They can be broadly classified into two groups * Basic psychology * Applied psychology Basic Psychology It is aimed at contributing to knowledge of behaviour. College, universities, laboratories and departments are the main employment settings of the basic Psychology Basic psychology has the following subfields 1. Developmental psychology 2. Social psychology 3. Physiological psychology 4. Abnormal psychology 5. Experimental psychology 6. Psychometrics 7. Cognitive psychology 8. Personality psychology
SCOPE OF PSYCHOLOGY cont.. Applied Psychology Applied psychology uses the various fields of basic psychology to improve the quality of life of the human being in various fields like school, industry, hospital, consultancy and community Applied psychology has the following subfields- 1. Clinical psychology 2. Counselling psychology 3. Organizational psychology 4. Educational psychology 5. Health psychology 6. Environmental psychology 6. Forensic psychology 7. Sports and exercise psychology 8. Psychology of woman
SCOPE OF PSYCHOLOGY cont. The discoveries and advances of psychological science keep expanding its scope and tools and changing its structure and organization. For most of the 20th century, psychological science consisted of a variety of specialized subfields with little interconnection. The various subfields, each with its own distinct history and specialized mission, usually were bundled together within academic departments, essentially a loose federation of unrelated disciplines, each with its own training program and research agenda.. Late in the 20th century this situation began to change, fuelled in part by the rapid growth of developments in cognitive science and social cognitive neuroscience, including the discovery of new methods for studying cognition, emotion, the brain, and genetic influences on mind and behaviour.
SCOPE OF PSYCHOLOGY cont.. In the early years of the 21st century, psychology became an increasingly integrative science at the intersection or hub of diverse other disciplines, from biology neurology and economics to sociology and anthropology The connection between psychology and law reflected new findings in psychology about the nature of human social behaviour, as well as the fallibility of eyewitness testimony in legal trials and the distortions in retrospective memory At the same time, within psychology, old sub-disciplinary boundaries were crossed more freely. Interdisciplinary teams often work on a common problem using different methods and tools that draw on multiple levels of analysis, from the social to the cognitive and to the biological
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