PSYCHOLOGY AS AN OPTIONAL IN WBCS PRESENTED BY MOULI ROY
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BASIC PSYCHOLOGICAL PROCESS
BASIC PSYCHOLOGICAL PROCESS Psychology is the study of the mind and behaviour. This can include many things, from how children learn a native language to how one finds a car in a crowded parking lot. Even the simplest human activities involve complex psychological processing. Psychologists often start by examining the mind's underlying processes. Each of these basic psychological processes has a function, and they all work together to produce complex human behaviour Let's take a look at five of the most basic psychological processes sensation, perception, attention, learning, and memory and how they contribute to the mind and human behaviour.
BASIC PSYCHOLOGICAL PROCESS cont.. Sensation Most people know that we have five senses: sight, sound, smell, taste, and touch. However, did you realize that everything we know about the world around us comes through those five senses? It is easy to fall under the impression that the mind is an open window to the world around it. In fact, the sensory information that our minds receive undergoes a significant degree of processing before it resembles the world as we know it. Take sight, for example. The sensory information for sight consists of light particles that travel in waves. Once those light waves reach our eyes, the information contained in the waves is transformed into electrical signals carried by the nervous system, a process called transduction. All sensory information is transduced into electrical signals the language of the brain. For this reason, the process of sensation can be defined as the act of receiving physical information from the environment and the initial transformation of that information into the nervous system.
BASIC PSYCHOLOGICAL PROCESS cont... Perception Once sensory information is transduced into the electrical signals of the nervous system, the perceptual system works to interpret the sensory information. Perception is the process of identifying and understanding sensory information. That is your perceptual system making sense of the sensory information it is receiving. Most of the time, it works lightning fast; however, because the sensory information we take in is in such an elementary form, our perceptual systems have to do a lot of translating work, and every once in a while, we experience a sort of perceptual hiccup.
BASIC PSYCHOLOGICAL PROCESS cont... Attention It refers to focusing and processing information from our surroundings. While it involves our tending to facets of our environment, the nature of our attention can vary from event to event. Have you ever been at a loud concert or a busy restaurant, and you are trying to listen to the person you are with? While it can be hard to hear every word, you can usually pick up most of the conversation if you're trying hard enough. This is because you are choosing to focus on this one person's voice, as opposed to say, the people speaking around you
BASIC PSYCHOLOGICAL PROCESS cont... Memory Memory is essential to all our lives. Without a memory of the past, we cannot operate in the present or think about the future. We would not be able to remember what we did yesterday, what we have done today or what we plan to do tomorrow. Without memory, we could not learn anything Memory is involved in processing vast amounts of information. This information takes many different forms, e.g. images, sounds or meaning. For psychologists the term memory covers three important aspects of information processing: Memory is the ability to encode, store and recall information
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