PSYCHOLOGY AS AN OPTIONAL IN WBCS PRESENTED BY MOULI ROY
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PSYCHOLOGY AND IT'S DEVELOPMENT
HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Before 1870 psychology was not a separate discipline rather it was studied under Philosophy. Wilhelm Wundt in 1879 opened first experimental laboratory in psychology at the University of Leipzig, Germany. He is considered as the father of psychology. In 1896 John Dewey and William James supported the functionalism in Psychology. In 1896 Sigmund Freud developed the theory of psychoanalysis. On the basis of this therapy later on he developed the therapy of free association and dream analysis In 1921, Ivan Pavlov developed the theory of classical conditioning through the experimental approach In 1935 Gestalt Psychology came into existence
ORIGIN OF SCIENCE OF PSYCHOLOGY "a science is the body of systematized knowledge that is gathered carefully observing and measuring events." "a science deals with a group of related facts and principles of particular subject" Psychology concerns with the observation and explanations of human behaviour in single individuals or in groups Psychology as a science deals with the motives, feelings, emotions, thoughts action of men and women
DEFINITION OF PSYCHOLOGY The word "psychology" comes from the Greek word psyche meaning "spirit, soul", and the Greek word logia meaning the study of something Thus we can conclude that psychology is the study of soul. Some more definitions "study of mind" "descriptions and explanations of state of consciousness""William James" "study of consciousness" "Wilhelm Wundt" Psychology is the study of the mind and behaviour. The discipline embraces all aspects of the human experience from the functions of the brain to the actions of nations, from child development to care for the aged. In every conceivable setting from scientific research centres to mental healthcare services, "the understanding of behavior" is the enterprise of psychologists. "American Psychological Association"
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