Crash Course on Indian unacademy Polity & Governance for UPSC CSE BY RAHUL SHAKYA
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OFFICIAL SYLLABUS BY UPSC . Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure. Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein. . O Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions. Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries Parliament and State Legislatures structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these. O Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government, pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity .O Salient features of the Representation of People's Act.
INDIAN CONSTITUTION : PREAMBLE "WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST, SECULAR, DEMOCRATIC, REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens: JUSTICE, social, economic and political; LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship; EQUALITY of status and of opportunity; and to promote among them all FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation; IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION.
DEMOCRATIC The democratic polity is based on the "Doctrine of Popular Sovereignty'" Democracy Direct (Referendum, Initiative, Recall, Plebiscite) or Indirect (Parliamentary or Presidential) The Indian Constitution provides for representative parliamentary democracy under which the executive is responsible to the legislature for all its policies and action.
REPUBLIC Democratic polity can be classified as 1).Monarchy (Head of State - King or Queen) 2).Republic (Head of State - Directly or Indirectly elected President) Republic also means two m 1).Vesting of political sovereignty in the people 2).Absence of any privileged class ore things >
JUSTICE (Source: Russian Revolution-1917) Justice embrace three distinct forms -> Social, Economic and Political, secured through various provisions of FRs and DPSPs. Political justice refers to the equal political rights and opportunities to all citizens to take part in the administration of the country. (Article 14) Social Justice denotes equal treatment of all citizens without any social distinction based on caste, colour, sex, race, religion etc.(Article 38 and 18) Economic Justice denotes the non-discrimination betweern people on the basis of economic factors.
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