Crash Course on Indian unacademy Polity & Governance for UPSC CSE BY RAHUL SHAKYA
ABOUT ME- MECHANICAL ENGINEERING STUDENT UNIVERSITY TOPPER , 12 WITH q2.8% (CBSE) UPSC CSE ASPIRANT 1 YEAR EXPERIENCE AS PHYSICS & CHEMISTRY TUTOR FOR CLASS 12TH LOVE TEACHING . RATE! REVIEW! RECOMMEND! una cadeM www.UNACADEMY.COM/USER/RRAHUL007
OFFICIAL SYLLABUS BY UPSC . Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure. Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein. . O Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions. Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries Parliament and State Legislatures structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these. O Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government, pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity .O Salient features of the Representation of People's Act.
INDIAN CONSTITUTION : PREAMBLE "WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST, SECULAR, DEMOCRATIC, REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens: JUSTICE, social, economic and political; LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship; EQUALITY of status and of opportunity; and to promote among them all FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation; IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION.
SOVEREIGN The word "sovereign implies that India is neither a dependency nor a dominion of any other nation, but an independent state. There is no authority above it and it is free to conduct its own affairs (both internal and external) India is a sovereign nation, but also is a member of the "Commonwealth of nations"
SOCIALIST The term socialist was added to the Preamble by the Forty-second Constitutional Amendment But, the socialist essence could be found in the Directive Principles of State Policy (even before 1976) Indian brand of socialism "Democratic Socialism" Other brand of socialism - "Communistic or State Socialism" Supreme Court says "Democratic socialism aims to end poverty, ignorance, disease and inequality of opportunity. Indian socialism is the blend of Marxism and Gandhism, leaning heavily towards Gandhian socialism"
SECULAR The word secular too was added in the Preamble by the 42nd Constitutional amendment -> Explicit Right to freedom of religion (Article 24-28) > Implicit The Indian constitution embodies the positive concept of Secularism
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