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Procedure for Amendment
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Procedure of Amendment explained

Rahul Shakya
Public Administration Faculty, Btech (ME), University topper,92.8% in 12th, YouTuber-GS With Rahul, Perfect Presence Awardee

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  1. Crash Course on Indian Polity & Governance for unacademy UPSC CSE BY RAHUL SHAKYA


  2. ABOUT ME- MECHANICAL ENGINEERING STUDENT UNIVERSITY TOPPER 12 WITH q2.8% (CBSE) UPSC CSE ASPIRANT . 1 YEAR EXPERIENCE AS PHYSICS & CHEMISTRY TUTOR FOR CLASS 12TH cader ura . LOVE TEACHING . RATE! REVIEW! RECOMMEND! WWW.UNACADEMY.COM/USER/RRAHUL007


  3. Crash Course on Indian Polity & Governance for unacademy UPSC CSE BY RAHUL SHAKYA


  4. OFFICIAL SYLLABUS BY UPSC Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure. Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein. Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions. Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries Parliament and State . Legislatures structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these. .Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government, pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity. . Salient features of the Representation of People's Act.


  5. AMENDMENTS IN INDIAN CONSTITUTION . Constituent power of Parliament Article 368 under Part XX of Indian Constitution Parliament can amend by way of addition, variation or repeal any provision of the Constitution . But, cannot amend "Basic Structure of Constitution" -> Ruled by SC in Kesavananda Bharti case (1973)


  6. TYPES OF AMENDMENT By Simple Majority By Special Majority . By Special Majority with ratification of not less than half of the states in Federal Provisions


  7. PROCEDURE OF AMENDMENT Begins @ Parliament by Minister or Private member and Prior permission of Prez is not required Special Majority required from each house separately President Amended !! must give his assent


  8. Amendment Number 1 1951 VAdded article 15(4) in FRs


  9. Article 15 (4) 1- AA-1951 The state is permitted to make any special provision for the advancement of any socially and educationally backward classes of citizens or for the scheduled castes and scheduled tribes


  10. Amendment Number 7 1956 V1. Abolished the existing classification of states into four categories i.e., Part A, Part B, Part C and Part D states, and reorganised them into 14 states and 6 union territories 2. Extended the jurisdiction of high courts to union territories. V3. Provided for the establishment of a common high court for V4. Provided for the appointment of additional and acting judges of the high court