RSTV-important topics Covering of big picture+ desh deshantar
POLICE REFORMS "The police are the public and the public are the police; the police being only members of the public who are paid to give full time attention to duties which are incumbent on every citizen in the interests of community welfare and existence."
CHALLENGES Police act-policeman are on duty evry time Study of national productivity council,mckenzie etc Policeman works for 11-12 hrs/day,ardous nature of ob,uncertain, risk to life, mental stress(usa-40 hrs, uk-48 rs/week,South Africa,japan, Australia. Infrastructure of police station, accommodation of police personeel, transport and communication, upgradation of technologies is a problem. Public-police relation attitudnal change is required. Political interference, impunity under sec 197 of crpc.-no accountability.
While the United Nations recommended standard is 222 police per lakh persons, India's sanctioned strength is 181 police per lakh persons. After adjusting for vacancies, the actual police strength in India is at 137 police per lakh persons- UNDER STAFFING-SUBORDINATE POLICE SERVICES
Common cause report findings The rich contacted the police the most (74%) while the police contacted the poor most (21 %). Likelihood of police contacting the person is nearly twice as high amongst the poor (21 %) as compared to the rich (12%)-common cause report. > Under-utilisation of funds is as high as 71% in Bihar, 41% in UP and 32% in Assam signifying mismanagement of funds and lack of training infrastructure. > UP surrendered over 80% of funds for training equipment due to inefficiency
In September 2006, the Supreme Court of India, in Prakash Singh Vs Union of India passed a historic judgment directing the Central and State Governments towards operational reform and functional autonomy o the police. The Indian Police Foundation was inaugurated in 2015 to mount pressure on State governments to implement the directions of the Supreme Court on po ice reforms (Prakash Singh v. Union of India). National Police commission 1977-81 Rubeiro Committee 1998 Padmanabhaiah committee 2000 Malimath committee 2002-03 Police Act drafting committee 2005 Supreme Court directions in Prakash Singh vs Union of India 2006 Second ARC 2007 Police Act drafting committee-l1 2015
Directives given by supreme court Constitute a State Security Commission in every state. Constitute a Police Establishment Board in every state that Will decide postings, transfers and promotions for officers below the rank of Deputy Superintendent of Police Separate the investigating police from the law and order police to ensure speedier investigation, better expertise and improved rapport with the people. constitute a National Security Commission to shortlist the candidates for appointment as Chiefs of the central armed police forces.
police is a state subject.,but centre needs to formulate a unique law for ensuring the accountability of police. Traditional police force is being neglected, Police exercises sovereign power of state.