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Part I - Comparison between Federal and Unitary Features: Indian Constitution for UPSC CSE
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This lesson throws light on the difference between Federal and Unitary features of Indian Constitution. The comparison is made on aspects like Principle of Identity, Position of states, Resolution of dispute, the principle of Citizenship. Bhavin picks up various examples to explain every point of the comparison. ​

Bhavin Sangoi
BA Political Science and Psychology, Mumbai University. Teaching Polity, Economics and international relations for 7 years.

Unacademy user
I eat after taking a brush
Sir, why do citizens of america have to pay more as u yourself said that citizen of a state in america is a citizen of america as well........plz explain..
Bhavin Sangoi
3 years ago
Because as I said they are not only citizens of America but also of their respective States. If I belong to State A, I am paying taxes there, hence fees for me in that State would be different than fees in other States where I don't pay taxes.
Paras Alreja
3 years ago
Ok. thanx a lot sir....
thank you so much. looking to get more lectures from you
hi. M not able to view d video..please help
sir giving the simple majority in new state formation or merger , make the centre much more powerful which at times go against the regional aspirations of people. And also can the president decision be challenged as you have explained in Telangana state formation.
outstanding! i've never come across a lecture..which is so comprehensive and yet so easy to grasp due to the best set of examples used alongside to explain each concept.Thanks for this extraordinary lecture!
  1. Course Name: In-depth study of Centre State Relations Lesson Name: Federal and Unitary Features - I PRESENTED BY BHAVIN SANGOI

  2. About me B.A in Political Science & Psychology V Appeared in U vTeaching Indian Polity, International Relations, economics &mental Ability since 5 years PSC CSE Mains Experience of teaching for various competitive exams such as NTSE, CET & UPSC Course Fee: CONTRIBUTE Follow me on:

  3. Federal and Unitary Features Federal Features Unitary Features Article 1 describes India as a " unionThe word 'federal' is not mentioned of states" anywhere in the constitution Parliament can create new states, merge or divide existing states or abolish the existing states givenmerge Constitutional status have been given to States

  4. Federal and Unitary Features Federal Features Unitary Features If any disputes arise between centre and state about power or jurisdiction then SC will act as an arbitrator States doesn't have their owrn Supreme Court, because of the adoption of integrated judicial system In spite of recognizing single citizenship, domicile based rights are recognised in the matters of public employment in states To develop the filing of national unity concept of single citizenship has been recognized

  5. Federal and Unitary Features Federal Features Unitary Features Financial Independence is given to states, by allowing them to collect taxes All the major taxes such as Income tax, excise duty, service tax etc. which earrn major chunk of taxable income are levied by Union. allowing them to collectmajor chun Those parts of the constitution which deals with Federal relations, Powers of the state or affect them cannot be amended without ratification by one- half states Most provisions of ncluding Fun Most provisions of the Constitution, including Fundamental rights of the citizens can be amended by Centre, without any ratification of States ut ratification by onewithout any rat