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Causes of Cooperative Federalism: Union Features - Indian Constitution for UPSC CSE
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This lesson is in continuation of the previous lesson in which we discussed the various causes for adopting Federal features in Indian Constitution. Now this lesson discusses the reasons for adopting Unitary features in spite adopting Federal. Many points are discussed along with a comprehensible explanation and examples for clearer understanding.​

Bhavin Sangoi
BA Political Science and Psychology, Mumbai University. Teaching Polity, Economics and international relations for 7 years.

Unacademy user
Nice explanation sir..Thank you..
Great lecture. Thankyou sir.
Sir plz explain the difference between absolute & pocket veto pf president
Absolute: It empowers the President to withhold his assent to a bill passed by the Parliament. The bill then ends and does not become an act. 2) If cabinet resigns before the assent by the President to the government bill and the new cabinet advises the President not to give his assent. Pocket veto: is a legislative maneuver that allows a president or other official with veto power to exercise that power over a bill by taking no action (instead of affirmatively vetoing it)
Bhavin Sangoi
3 years ago
Sorry for the delayed response, and thanks Bhuwanesh for responding to her query. The explanation you have given is written in Laxmikant. However I am not very much convinced the explanation. Because according to this explanation, difference between Absolute and pocket veto doesn't become clear. Secondly even the private members Bill passed by Parliament are enshrined same sanctity as that of the Government Bill, hence we can't say that President enjoys Absolute veto in case of Private members Bill, as claimed by Laxmikant. According to my understanding Absolute veto means unfettered right to reject the bill sent for President’s assent. President of India never had any unfettered right to reject the Bill passed by Parliament. So President doesn't enjoy 'Absolute veto' in case of Bills passed by Parliament. He enjoys only Suspensive veto in case of Bills passed by Parliament. However the Bills which are reserved by the Governor for President’s assent, can be rejected as many times as he wants.
Bhavin Sangoi
3 years ago
So President enjoys Absolute veto in case Bills passed by State Legislatures. Pocket Veto means withholding of Bill by the President without assenting or rejecting a Bill. President of India had used this veto power in case of Post office Bill.
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Thanks for the reply Mr. Tripathi, but plz explain in both the vetoes action is not being taken, then what's the difference? Will pocket veto would also result in ending of the bill?
AWESOME Teaching Sir...........Thanks a ton....
  1. Course Name: In-depth study of Centre State Relations Lesson Name: Causes of Cooperative Federalism PRESENTED BY BHAVIN SANGOI

  2. About me B.A in Political Science V Appeared in U vTeaching Indian Polity, International Relations, economics &mental Ability since 5 years B.A in Political Science & Psychology PSC CSE Mains Experience of teaching for various competitive exams such as NTSE, CET & UPSC Course Fee: CONTRIBUTE Follow me on:

  3. Cause of Unitary features VIndia's historical experience proves that whenever core has become weaker India's historical experience proves that whenever core has become weaker than fringe, India has been disintegrated and enslaved Fissiparous and centrifugal tendencies were very much present and visible at the time of independence

  4. Cause of Unitary features V India adopted concept of welfare state and centralised planning model V To decrease regional inequalities, strong Union was required VTo bring social reforms, it was necessary to overriding powers to Union