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Organic Farming for Sustainable Environment (in Hindi)
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Organic farming for sustainable development

Anjju Nehraa
Cleared RAS Prelims 2015. Worked in SBI for one year. cleared ASRB/Bank PO/HTET/CTET

U
Unacademy user
mam aamar wbp main er jonno lagbe,english e khub kancha aachi
sirf read mat kijiye ma'am thoda explain kro read to hum bi kr sakte hai
  1. ORGANIC FARMING FOR SUSTAINABLE ENVIRONMENT e Green revolution(1965-66)- huge fertiliser consumption- good foodgrain production but affect ecological balance e Solution- organic farming(OF) IFOAM(the international federation of organic agriculture movement)- regulates the standards of OF globally . Acc. To IFOAM- OF is a production system that sustains the health of soils, ecosystem & people


  2. cc. To FAO people In India- undernutrition & obesity- dual nutrition burden GOI launched national nutrition mission OF SYSTEM includes:- 1. Biological farming 2. Nature farming 3. Regenrative agriculture 4. Alternate agriculture 5. Permaculture 6. Low input sustainable agriculture 2015- 795 undernourished in world i.e. one in nine


  3. AIMS: Exclusion of agrochemicals. Maintenance of natural balance. e Enhancement of rural livelihoods with profitable OF. Production of nutritious food Conservation of soil and water resources. Systematic raising of livestock along with crop production. Conservation or enhancement of biodiversity and eco- system services Prevention of pollutiorn


  4. COMPONENTS OF ORGANIC FARMING o Crop & soil management Nutrient management Plant protection e Livestock manegement o Soil & water conservation


  5. BENEFITS e Environmental advantages:- biodiversity conservation . Maintenance of soil health e Water conservation e Contamination of soil, water& ECONOMIC ADVANTAGES: e Reduction of production cost e Increased input efficiency e Increased farmers' income e Improvement in purchasing air by chemicals is avoided e Reduced emission of GHGs e Climate resilient agriculture . Maintenance of ecological power o Easy access to organic markets e Reduction in risk of main croD failures balance . Sustainable development & poverty reduction


  6. BENEFITS HEALTH & NUTRITION: Access to nutritious & healthy . SOCIAL ADVANTAGES: e Improves social capacity o Establishments of farmers foods Reduction of malnutrition organisations, clubs, SHGs, NGOs problems Less food hazards Improved livelihoods Access to diverse food e Increased employment e Improved educational & health . Promotion of indigenous e Empowerment of rural women conditions knowledge


  7. ORGANISATIONS & GOVT SCHEMES e National organic farming research institute, gangtok, e National centre of orgnic farming, ghaziabad, Uttar Sikkim Pradesh Participatory guarantee system Paramparagat krishi vikas yojana