Anupam Mishra is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
Reading Comprehension For the CAT The Genre Series Module 9 Session 2 Of Bats & Vampyres'. A Course By: Anupam Mishra
Structure & flow of Sessions. Reading the Passage Para-wise Summary Central Idea Word- meanings No specific Questions to be solved (Shall have a separate course for that)
Some Quips about the Passage O Passage part of: Illustrative Anecdotes of the Animal Kingdom' O Was an American Author O Widely known by his alias Peter Parley. O Was a member of the Massachusetts State Senate. O Curiosities of Human Nature, Famous Men of Ancient Times, Peter Parley's tales about America and Australia, Recollections of a Lifetime, etc. are some of the major books published by him. Author: Samuel Goodrich
The Passage (part 1) Bats! These creatures, partaking both of the nature of quadrupeds and birds, have excited the wonder of mankind in all ages. There is a great variety of species, from the common bat of our climate to the vampyre of South America, whose wings stretch to the extent of two feet. These animals live in caves and crevices during the day, and sally forth at evening to catch their prey. For this reason, there is a popular disgust of the whole tribe; yet the species in our climate are a harmless race. We cannot say as much of the larger kinds, which sometimes darken the air, by their abundance, in hot climates. One species, already mentioned, is a formidable animal.
The Passage (part 2) Captain Stedman, in his "Narrative of a Five Years' Expedition against the revolted Negroes of Surinam," relates that, on awaking about four o'clock one morning in his hammock, he was extremely alarmed at finding himself weltering in congealed blood, and without feeling any pain whatever. "The mystery was," says Captain Stedman, "that I had been bitten by the vampyre, or spectre of Guiana, which is also called the flying dog of New Spain; and by the Spaniards, perrovolador. This is no other than a bat of monstrous size, that sucks the blood from men and cattle, while they are fast asleep, even, sometimes, till they die; and, as the manner in which they proceed is truly wonderful, I shall endeavor to give a distinct account of it
The Passage (part 3) "Knowing, by instinct, that the person they intend to attack is in a sound slumber, they generally alight near the feet, where, while the creature continues fanning with his enormous wings, which keeps one cool, he bites a piece out of the tip of the great toe, so very small, indeed, that the head of a pin could scarcely be received into the wound, which is, consequently, not painful; yet, through this orifice, he continues to suck the blood, until he is obliged to disgorge. He then begins again, and thus continues sucking and disgorging until he is scarcely able to fly, and the sufferer has often been known to pass from time to eternity. Cattle they generally bite in the ear, but always in places where the blood flows spontaneously. Having applied tobacco ashes as the best remedy, and washed the gore from myself and hammock, observed several small heaps of congealed blood, all round the place where I had lain, upon the ground; on examining which, the surgeon judged that I had lost at least twelve or fourteen ounces of blood."
Para-Summaries Paragraph -1 Introduces the topic: 'Bats', and talks about how they have characteristics common to quadrupeds, & birds. Comments on their variety of species. Paragraph 2 O Talks of their nocturnal routine & the prejudice that engenders, in spite of their harmless nature. Refers to an exception('formidable animal') mentioned in the earlier paragraph.
Para-Summaries Paragraph 3 O Passage now directs us to an excerpt from a narrative of a certain Captain Stedman. He relates his experience of having been feasted upon by the vampyre in his sleep. Has informed of the creature's size & its peculiar blood-feasting practice(on men & cattle) Paragraph - 4 O In the final para, Stedman explains in detail how the vampyre feasts on its prey, while it is in deep 'slumber'. Continuously sucking form the tiny wound it makes until it is too full to fly. And how it can be fatal for the prey many a times. Towards the end he is descriptive of the mess of blood around him & how much blood he probably lost
Central Idea of Passage PI: Introduces the topic: 'Bats', and talks about how they have characteristics c mmon to quadrupeds' & birds. Comments on their variety of species. P2: Talks of their nocturnal routine & the prejudice that engenders, in spite of their harmless nature P3: Passage now directs us to an excerpt from a narrative of a certain Captain Stedman. He relates his experience of having been feasted upon by the vampyre in his sleep. P4 : In the final para , Stedman explains in detail how the vampyre feasts its prey , while it is in deep 'slumber. Continuously sucking form the tiny wound it makes until it is too full to fly. And how it can be fatal for the prey many a times. The passage in general is focussed on Bats and more specifically on a certain variety of them, the vampyres. The narrator uses an anecdote from another narrator's(Stedman) work to expound upon the strange feasting habits of the vampyre in detail.
Word-meanings (Contextual) O Partaking O Quadrupeds O Sally forth O Formidable O Hammock O Weltering O Congealed O Slumber O Disgorge Involving Four-footed animal Set out, Proceed Horrifying A bed made of canvas material Lying soaked in blood Dried Sleep Discharge, Eject