Roman Saini is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
Good Governance Lesson-1 Presented By ROMAN SAINI
IN THIS LESSON Good Governance Introduction Barriers To Good Governance
Good Governance The concept of good governance is not new. Kautilya in his treatise Arthashastra elaborated the traits of the king of a well governed State thus: "in the happiness of his subjects lies his happiness, in their welfare his welfare, whatever pleases himself, he does not consider as good, but whatever pleases his subjects he considers as good". Mahatma Gandhi had propounded the concept of 'Su-raj' . Good governance aims at providing an environment in which all citizens irrespective of class, caste and gender can develop to their full potential. In addition, good governance also aims at providing public services effectively, efficiently and equitably to the citizens.
Good Governance The 4 pillars on which the edifice of good governance rests, in essence are: Ethos (of service to the citizen), Ethics (honesty, integrity and transparency), Equity (treating all citizens alike with empathy for the weaker sections), and Efficiency (speedy and effective delivery of service without harassment and using ICT increasingly). . Citizens are thus at the core of good governance. Therefore, good governance and citizen centric administration are inextricably linked. good zencentri adminstration areinenivice,
Good Governance The Constitution articulates the vision of its Founding Fathers for the people of this country and also spells out the role and functions of the three organs of the State Legislature, Executive and Judiciary . It enshrines the Fundamental Rights which are critical for democracy and the Directive Principles of State Policy which embody the concept of a Welfare State and are a unique feature of our Constitution. The endeavour of Government at all levels has, therefore, been to provide for a citizen centric administration . To this end, a robust legal framework has been created. Institutions such as the National Human Rights Commission, National Women's Commission, National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission, and Lokayuktas etc. have been set up.
Good Governance The Eleventh Five Year Plan has emphasized that good governance should cover the following distinct dimensions: The government at all levels must be accountable and transparent. Closely related to accountability is the need to eliminate corruption, which is widely seen as a major deficiency in governance. Transparency is also critical, both to ensure accountability, and also to enable genuine participation. The government must be effective and efficient in delivering social and economic public services, which are its primary responsibilities.
Good Governance An overarching requirement is that the rule of law must be firmly established. This is relevant not only for relations between the government and individuals enabling individuals to demand their rights but also for relations between individuals or businesses. . Finally, the entire system must function in a manner which is seen to be fair and inclusive .Disadvantaged groups, especially the SCs, STs, minorities and others, must feel they have an equal stake and should perceive an adequate flow of benefits to ensure the legitimacy of the State.
Good Governance Barriers to Good Governance Attitudinal Problems of the Civil Servants: There is a growing concern that the Civil Services and administration in general, have become wooden, inflexible, self-perpetuating and inward looking. Consequently their attitude is one of indifference and insensitivity to the needs of citizens. This, coupled with the enormous asymmetry in the wielding of power at all levels, has further aggravated the situation. The end result is that officers perceive themselves as dispensing favours to citizens rather than serving them and given the abject poverty, illiteracy, etc.
Good Governance Lack of Accountability .A common reason usually cited for inefficiency in governance is the inability within the system to hold the Civil Services accountable for their actions. .Seldom are disciplinary proceedings initiated against delinquent government servants and imposition of penalties is even more rare. This is primarily because at most levels authority is divorced from accountability leading to a system of realistic and plausible alibis. Cumbersome disciplinary procedures have added to the general apathy towards discipline in Government. Moreover the safeguards provided to civil servants, - which were well intentioned - have often been misused.
Good Governance Another reason for lack of accountability is that performance evaluation systems within government have not been effectively structured. The complacency that the system breeds has resulted in employees adopting an apathetic or lackadaisical attitude towards citizens and their grievances. Low levels of Awareness of the Rights and Duties of Citizens Inadequate awareness about their rights prevents citizens from holding erring government servants to account. . Similarly, low levels of compliance of Rules by the citizens also acts as an impediment to good governance; When citizens do not adhere to their duties they infringe on the freedom and rights of other citizens. .
Good Governance Ineffective Implementation of Laws and Rules .There is a large body of laws in the country, each legislated with different objectives maintaining public order and safety, maintaining sanitation and hygiene, protecting rights of citizens, giving special protection to the vulnerable sections etc. .Effective implementation of these laws creates an environment which would improve the welfare of all citizens and at the same time, encourage each citizen to contribute his best towards the development of society. . On the other hand, weak implementation can cause a great deal of hardship to citizens and even erode the faith of the citizenry in the government machinery.