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Important Conventions: Part 1
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Contents:Definitions, timeline, ramsar convention of wetlands, world heritage convention, Stockholm conference

Suhasini S
With an experience of year and half in corporate office and fire in my belly, I started to find ways to make an impact. Teaching has become

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  1. About me B. tech- SR.M University 1 year of teaching experience 1.5 years of corporate experience Love to teach,play guitar UPSC Aspirant Please rate, review and share the course

  2. Important conferences,conventions protocols in environment and ecology: Definitions Conference: consulting together in a formal way; is a type of negotiation Convention:meeting to formulate on a generally accepted principle and parties decide the basic guidelines Protocol: protocol to a convention is an agreement that is formulated and signed where the parties set specific aims or legal obligations

  3. Timeline: Ramsar convention on Wetlands, 1971 Stockholm conference 1972 Conventionconcerning the protection of world cultural and natural heritage 1972 CITES 1973 Convention on migratory species of wild animals 1979 World conservation strategy 1980 Nairobi Declaration 1982 World Charter of Nature 1982 Vienna convention for ozone layer 1985 Montreal protocol for ODS 1987 Helsinki Declaration 1989

  4. Basel convention on hazardous wastes 1989 Earth summit 1992 UNFCCC 1992 CBD 1992 UN convention on desertification 1994 Kyoto protocol 1997 Stockholm Convention on POPs 2000 Johannesbergdeclaration 200.2 UN world summit 2005 Bali summit on climate change 2007

  5. Ramsar Convention on Wetlands: intergovernmental treaty that provides the framework for the conservation and wise use of wetlands and their resources Convention was adopted in the Iranian city of Ramsar in 1971 and came into force in 1975 Every three years, representatives of the Contracting Parties meet as the Conference of the Contracting Parties (COP), the policy-making organ of the Convention which adopts decisions (Resolutions and Recommendations) to administer the work of the Convention and improve the The most recent COP12 was held in Punta del Este, Uruguay, in 2015. COP13 will take place in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, in 2018 ich the Parties are able to t its objectives.

  6. .The List ofWetlands of International Importance included 2,266 Ramsar Sites in March 2016 . The country with the highest number of Sites is the United Kingdom with 170, and the country with the greatest area of listed wetlands is Bolivia, with over 1,40,000 square kilometers e India -26 Ramsar wetland sites . AshtamudiWetland- Kerala .Bhitarkanika mangroves, OD Bhoj wetland, MP Chandra taal, H.P . Chilika lake, OD . Deepor bheel, Assam East Kolkata wetlands, WB Harike wetland, Punjab

  7. Hokera wetland, JK Kanjli wetland, Punjab Keoladeo national park, Rajasthan e Kolleru lake, AP Loktak lake, Manipur Nalsarovar bird sanctuary, GJ Point calimere bird and wildlife sanctuary, TN Pong Dam lake. HP Renuka lake, HF Ropar wetland, Punjab Rudrasagar lake, Tripura Sambhar lake, RJ Sasthamkotta lake, KL Surinsar-mansar lake, JK e e Tsomoriri, JK Upper ganga river, UP Vembanad kol wetland,KL eWular lake, JK

  8. Why is it important??? Sunder bans likely to get covered under Ramsar site largest mangroves of the world -around 43% of India's mangroves are found her Under threat due to encroachment, fisheries etc Under Ramsar site, special emphasis on protection would be given Montreux record: is a register of wetland sites on the list of Wetlands of International mportance where changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring, or are likely to occur as a result of technological developments, pollution or other human interference. It is maintained as part of the Ramsar List

  9. The world heritage convention, 1972 Primary aim: is to identify and protect the world's natural and cultural heritage considered to be of Outstanding Universal Value Conventionrecognizes the way in which people interact with nature, and the fundamental need to preserve the balance between the two Convention defines the kind of natural or cultural sites which can be considered for inscription on the World Heritage List under UNESCO The implementation of the World Heritage Convention is facilitated through the Operational Guidelines, which define the procedures for new inscriptions, site protection, danger listings, and the provision of international assistance under the World Heritage Fund governed by the World Heritage Committee supported by the UNESCO World Heritage Centre There are 35 (27 cultural, 7 natural and 1 mixed) world heritage sites in India that are recognized by the UNESCO

  10. Stockholm conference: First declaration of international protection of environment Declaration has 26 principles These principles provide the basis for the protection and improvement of the environment The United Nations Environment Programme has been established by the UNGA in pursuance of the Stockholm conference