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Food web and food chain
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Food web and difference between food chain and food web.

Pawan Sharma
Lawyer | Author | Writer ,Cleared IB MHA Exam ,Wrote UPPSC mains, Campus Law Center Delhi University alumni

U
Unacademy user
Land reforms in agricultural development. Land reforms came in the wake of centuries of dominant structure in agrarian society in India, mostly during colonial period. Land reforms in post-independence period were taken up by Indian government as one of the urgent policy initiatives. Land reforms mostly has been categorized as. (a.) Tenancy reform (b.)Land ceiling (c.)Abolition of intermediaries (d.)Land consolidation. Some academic works also includes cooperative reform. All the four categories has affected the reform in different aspects, but the land consolidation has largely failed. In 1949, when constitution left the process on the discretion of state, since then Land reforms has witnessed regional inequality. Where states like Kerala and West Bengal has seen positive sign and others have largely failed, not even near to these states in terms of execution. Though land ceiling has been successful in many parts of country. There has been multiple objectives of the reform, ranging from social justice, to economic well-being, which means increased productivity. Although there has been little evidence that shows direct linkage of land reform and agricultural development, but the components of land reforms scientifically proves that if reform is brought in picture agricultural productivity will increase. Evidences from west Bengal shows that the production increased substantially when positive steps were taken up by then state government. The rate of growth of rice production was 1-2% annually in first 3 decades after independence and it reached up to 6% after the reform. Though many argue that this was the period of green revolution and many new government policies in agriculture sector must have contributed in it. So no clear evidence is available which shows land reforms have brought agricultural development. At least it is clear that excluding Kerala and West Bengal Land reforms have been a distant dream, even till today. Successful factors responsible of land reforms 1.Unity among peasants in certain parts of country. 2.Few political parties had this in their prime agenda. 3.Widespread acceptance of movements like bhoodan.
Hi Ashish, Nice answer and lot of really good information. The question has two parts, whether any development is achieved by the land reforms and factors lead to its success, most part of your answer you have explained about the land reforms and only in the last few lines you have mentioned whether the land reforms lead to development or not. And the answer for second part of the question is missing. it will be better if you cut short your answer
Ashish Sinha
3 years ago
Thanks Vignesh for your review, Lately I realised that, flow of answer didn't go well. Expect more reviews in future. Thanks again.
Please continue writing and review my answers as well! :)
  1. Food web By - Pawan Sharma


  2. Features of food web consist of several interrelated food chain - possible transfer of energy increase the chance of survival


  3. Difference between food chain and food web Food chain Food web . Single pathway * Interconnected pathway Instability increases Stability increases Removal of one group of organism not affect the chain .Removal of one group organism affect the whole chain Consist of 4-6 trophic level . Consist of numerous trophic level