Charu Modi is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
CLASS X POLITY: FEDERALISM BY CHARU MODI
ABOUT ME B.A.LL.B.(Hons.) From National Law University Lucknow Pursuing LL.M. National and International moot court competition winner Wrote mains Interest: dance, reading Rate, Review, Recommend, Share Follow me at http://unacademy.In/user/charumodi unacademy.in/user/charumodi
FORMS OF POWER SHARING people are the source of all political power. Power is shared among different organs of government, such as the legislature, executive and judiciary. Power can be shared among governments at different levels ' people are the source of all political power. * a general government for the entire country governments at the provincial or regional level
' political parties, pressure groups and movements control or influence those in power. ' social groups, such as the religious and linguistic groups. social groups, such as the religious and linguistic groups
FEDERALISM Federalism is a system of government power is divided between a central authority and various constituent units of the country. Usually a federation has two levels of government 1) government for the entire country that is usually responsible for a few subjects of common national interest 2) government at the level of provinces or states that is usually responsible for administration of the state.
FEATURES OF FEDERALISM THE KEY FEATURES OF FEDERALISM: 1 two or more levels (or tiers) of government 2 Different tiers of government govern the same citizens each tier has its own jurisdiction in specific matters of legislation, taxation and each tier has is own jar ediction in specific mattes of legilation, taxation and each tier has its own jurisdiction in specitic matters of leg slation, taxation and administration 3 The jurisdictions of the respective levels or tiers of government are constitutionally guaranteed
The fundamental provisions of the levels of government. Courts have the power to interpret the constitution. 4 The fundamental provisions of the constitution require the consent of both 5 6 Sources of revenue for each level of government are clearly specified to ensure its financial autonomy
A threefold distribution of legislative powers between the Union Government and the State Governments Thus, it contains three lists UNION LIST includes subjects of national importance such as defense of the country, foreign affairs, banking, communications and currency. a uniform policy on these matters throughout the country is needed. STATE LIST contains subjects of State and local importance such as police, trade, commerce, agriculture and irrigation.
CONCURRENT LIST includes subjects of common interest to both the Union Government as well as the State Governments, such as education, forest, trade unions, marriage, adoption and succession Both the Union as well as the State Governments can make laws on the subjects mentioned in this list.
PRACTISE OF FEDERALISM LINGUISTIC STATES Some States were created not on the basis of language but to recognize differences based on culture, ethnicity or geography LANGUAGE POLICY . CENTRE-STATE RELATIONS