Saumya Mehra is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
. Disability Children with special needs Difference between Integrated education & Inclusive education
Disability Disability refers to any limitations experienced by the disabled in comparison to able persons of similar age and culture. Low-vision, hearing impairment, mental illness, mental retardation, etc.
Children with Special Needs A learner with special educational needs defined as a child with visual, hearing, intellect disability. The important aims includes:- Provide educational opportunities to differently-abled children in regular schools Facilitate retention of differently-abled in the school system Integrate children from special school to common schools
Integrated Education Integration is the process of accommodating children and young people with disabilities into mainstream schools. The emphasis within integration is to 'fit' the child into the system. In integration children with disabilities had to be equipped to suit the existing system. The emphasis was on preparing the child to adjust to the expectations of the classroom
Inclusive Education Inclusive education is a method for action and a way of thinking, which applies to all children in all contexts. Inclusion assumes that changes the system to 'fit' the child The emphasis here is on providing the support to every child to participate in the ongoing classroom activities. The system has to be adapted itself to the needs and requirements of the children by supporting them with adapted curriculum, materials and instructional practices
It focuses on flexibility of curriculum, teacher training and change in environment. Failure is the problem with the system not with the child. It is assumed that all the children can learn and all children need their learning to be supported in diverse ways.