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CONSTITUTION OF INDIA INDIAN POLITY By: M LAXMIKANT Directive Principles of State Policy
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Directive Principles of State Policy .The Directive Principles of State Policy are enumerated in Part IV of the Constitution from Articles 36 to 51. The framers of the Constitution borrowed this idea from the Irish Constitution of 1937, which had copied it from the Spanish Constitution. .Dr B R Ambedkar described these principles as 'novel features' of the Indian Constitution. The Directive Principles along with the Fundamental Rights contain the philosophy of the Constitution and is the soul of the Constitution FEATURES OF THE DIRECTIVE PRINCIPLES The phrase 'Directive Principles of State Policy' denotes the ideals that the State should keep in mind while formulating policies and enacting laws. These are the constitutional instructions or recommendations to the State in legislative, executive and administrative matters 'the Directive Principles are like the instrument of instructions, which were issued to the Governor-General and to the Governors of the colonies of India by the British Government under the Government of India Act of 1935.The only difference is that they are instructions to the legislature and the executive The Directive Principles constitute a very comprehensive economic, social and political programme for a modern democratic State.
Directive Principles of State Policy The Directive Principles are non-justiciable in nature, that is, they are not legally enforceable by the courts for their violation. Therefore, the government (Central, state and local) cannot be compelled to implement them. The Directive Principles, though non-justiciable in nature, help the courts in examining and determining the constitutional validity of a law. CLASSIFICATION OF THE DIRECTIVE PRINCIPLES Socialistic Principles They direct the state: e . . To promote the welfare of the people by securing a social order permeated by justice social, economic and political-and to minimise inequalities in income, status, facilities and opportunities4 (Article 38) To secure (a) the right to adequate means of livelihood for all citizens; (b) the equitable distribution of material resources of the community for the common good; (c) prevention of concentration of wealth and means of production; (d) equal pay for equal work for men and women; (e) preservation of the health and strength of workers and children against forcible abuse; and (f) opportunities for healthy development of children5 (Article 39)
CLASSIFICATION OF THE DIRECTIVE PRINCIPLES To promote equal justice and to provide free legal aid to the poor6 (Article 39 A) To secure the right to work, to education and to public assistance in cases of unemployment, old age, sickness and disablement (Article 41) To make provision for just and humane conditions of work and maternity relief (Article 42) To secure a living wage, a decent standard of life and social and cultural opportunities for all workers (Article 43) To take steps to secure the participation of workers in the management of industries8 (Article 43 A) e To raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living of people and to improve public health (Article 47). Gandhian Principles To organise village panchayats and endow them with necessary powers and authority to enable them to function as units of self-government (Article 40) To promote cottage industries on an individual or co-operation basis in rural areas (Article 43) To promote voluntary formation, autonomous functioning, democratic control and professional management of co-operative societies8a (Article 43B).
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