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Constitutional Provisions The Constitution has also defined the relative roles or position of both the Houses of Parliament with regard to the enactment of the budget in the following way: (a) A money bill or finance bill dealing with taxation cannot be introduced in the Rajya Sabha-it must be introduced only in the Lok Sabha. (b) The Rajya Sabha has no power to vote on the demand for grants; it is the exclusive privilege of the Lok Sabha. (c) The Rajya Sabha should return the Money bill (or Finance bill) to the Lok Sabha within fourteen days. The Lok Sabha can either accept or reject the recommendations made by Rajya Sabha in this regard. 8. The estimates of expenditure embodied in the budget shall show separately the expenditure charged on the Consolidated Fund of India and the expenditure made from the Consolidated Fund of India. 9. The budget shall distinguish expenditure on revenue account from other expenditure. 10. The expenditure charged on the Consolidated Fund of India shall not be submitted to the vote of Parliament. However, it can be discussed by the Parliament.
Charged Expenditure The budget consists of two types of expenditure-the expenditure 'charged' upon the Consolidated Fund of The charged expenditure is non-votable by the Parliament, that is, it can only be discussed by the Parliament, 1. Emoluments and allowances of the President and other expenditure relating to his office. 2. Salaries and India and the expenditure 'made' from the Consolidated Fund of India. while the other type has to be voted by the Parliament. The list of the charged expenditure is as follows: allowances of the Chairman and the Deputy Chairman of the Rajya Sabha and the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha. 3. Salaries, allowances and pensions of the judges of the Supreme Court. 4. Pensions of the judges of high courts. 5. Salary, allowances and pension of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India. e e 6. Salaries, allowances and pension of the chairman and members of the Union Public Service Commission. 7. Administrative expenses of the Supreme Court, the office of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India and the Union Public Service Commission including the salaries, allowances and pensions of the persons serving in these offices. redemption charges and other expenditure relating to the raising of loans and the service and redemption of debt. expenditure declared by the Parliament to be so charged. 8. The debt charges for which the Government of India is liable, including interest, sinking fund charges and 9. Any sum required to satisfy any judgement, decree or award of any court or arbitral tribunal. 10. Any other
Budget-Stages in Enactment Presentation of Budget The Finance Minister presents the General Budget with a speech known as the 'budget speech'. At the end of the speech in the Lok Sabha, the budget is laid before the Rajya Sabha, which can only discuss it and has no power to vote on the demands for grants. General Discussion The general discussion on budget begins a few days after its presentation. It takes place in both the Houses of Parliament and lasts usually for three to four days. . e During this stage, the Lok Sabha can discuss the budget as a whole or on any question of principle involved therein but no cut motion can be moved nor can the budget be submitted to the vote of the House. The finance minister has a general right of reply at the end of the discussion Scrutiny by Departmental Committees After the general discussion on the budget is over, the Houses are adjourned for about three to four weeks. During this gap period, the 24 departmental standing committees of Parliament examine and discuss in detail the demands for grants of the concerned ministers and prepare reports on them. These reports are submitted to both the Houses of Parliament for consideration. The st committee system established in 1993 (and expanded in 2004) makes parliamentary financial control over ministries much more detailed, close, in-depth and comprehensive anding .
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