Roman Saini is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
HOW TO STUDY GS PAPER IV ETHICS, INTEGRITY AND APTITUDE Lesson 5
In this lesson we will discuss the 2017 mains GS paper 4. You can consider them as model answers and try to write answers more or less on the same lines in the mock tests you give. Read, think, Write and revise. That's the key to excel in this exam in general and ethics paper in particular.
Question 2:Examine the relevance of the following in the context of civil Service: (a) Transparency (b) Accountability (c) Fairness and justice (d) Courage of conviction (e) Spirit of service Answer: Transparency- Bureaucracy is riddled with the colonial mentality of secrecy and not involving citizens in the administration. Transparency in operations and decision- making helps establish faith of the citizens in the government. The citizens become aware of what, how and why decisions are made. This also helps to curb nepotism, corruption and bureaucratic red-tapism. Civil servants must strive for proactive disclosure of information to win trust of the citizens and erase suspicion.
2. Accountability- means answerability for one's own decisions and actions. Since administrators collect taxes and use public funds, they become accountable to the people for their activities. They ar funds, but also for the performance of the government programmes. A government which is not accountable to its people is anti-democratic and turns into a dictatorship. Social audits and outcome budgets are a great way to bring in accountability in the system. e accountable not only for the proper use of the 3.Fairness and justice- fairness and justice are constitutional obligation(Article 14) on a civil service, a just and fair administration in the public domain enhances the credibility of governance and rule of law in the masses at root level. India is home to millions of poor and disadvantaged sections such as SC/ST/disabled. In such cases, the administrator must be fair and ensure equal opportunities are given to all.
4. Courage of conviction- Administrators face insurmountable pressure and opposition while serving the public. They must have the courage to not give into these pressures of giving undue favours to influential people. g. Durga Shakti Nagpal, Ashok Khemka had a courage to maintain their integrity. This conviction is also required when we face odds while implementing any social programme. For eg: IAS officer Arm successfully did so by involving citizens in that activity strong Pame lacked funds to build roads in Manipur, but he 5. Spirit of service- Civil servants must shun high- handedness, arrogance and apathy towards citizens. They must remember that they are servants of the public and not their masters. Relationships form the DNA of governance. A spirit of service helps the civil servants to remain humble, friendly and approachable to the citizens. It helps them to use civil service to make a difference in society rather than a medium to fulfill materialistic ambitions. For eg DM of Madurai recently opened a FB page to use social media to resolve grievances of the public on a day to day basis. This shows his resolve to serve the public by keeping them at pedestal
Question 3: Young people with ethical conduct are not willing to come forward to join active politics. Suggest steps to motivate them to come forward. Answer: India is undergoing a demographic bulge at the moment. This is the right time to train our youth to lead our country. Hligh standards of ethical conduet were an integral part of the freedom struggle Unfortunately ethical capital started getting eroded after transfer of power Today young people are unwilling to join politics as they view politics as a dirty profession full of criminals and liars. Criminalisation of politics and politicisation of crime is the soft underbelly of our political system. Money-power, corruption, fear of political activities, dynasty are being portrayed as prerequisites to enter and survive in politics rather than ethical behaviour, honesty and sense of service
teps to motivate them to come forward: Creating awareness about electoral reforms by Election commission and various Supreme Court judgements which has helped in cleaning politics to a large extent, VVPAT, electoral bonds, sec 123(3) judgement, NOTA, disqualification of persons convicted of criminal offence etc Youth Parliament and policy think tanks must be encouraged to kindle interest in politics and policy making. Internship opportunities in political parties and government departments. Invoke sense of patriotism- by using emotional intelligence to remind the youth of contribution of great young leaders such as Subhash Chandra Bose, Bhagat Singh, Nehru. Encouraging internal party democracy- by ending dynasty politics, merit based ticket distribution and promotion Encouraging student unions and elections on campuses to give them a taste of politics, inculcate organisational skills. Media involvement, highlighting young representatives as hero 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. & their work
Question 10: You are aspiring to become an IAS officer and you have cleared various stages and now you have been selected for the personal interview. On the day of the interview,on the way to the venue you saw an accident where a mother and child who happen to be your relatives were badly injured. They needed immediate help. What would you have done in such a situation? Justify your action Answer: "Road accident reports in India, 2016" revealed that over 5 lakh accident occurred killing over 1,46000 and leaving thrice of it badly injured. Our constitution calls for promoting brotherhood, the essence of which can be realised while helping an accident victim. In the above case the following ethical issues arises: 1. 2. 3. Personal interest of attending interview v/s Social responsibility Being a good samaritan v/s fear of harassment by the police Responsibility as a civil services aspirant
Some options available to me are: 1. Leave from that place and head towards interview Merit- Following Ayn Rand's theory of ethical egoism which calls for rational selfishness. Pursuing one's own interest is not evil. Humans must not be treated as sacrificial lambs. This option will help me realise my dreams for which I have been working so hard. I mav be selected to the coveted civil services. It will enhance m social prestige and my relatives may forgive me later. I don't have to worry about delavs due to . harassment by police too Demerit- Running away from this situation shows cowardice, lack of empathy and abdication of responsibility. It means putting selfish needs above others life. It will also prick my conscience and constantly keep me worried during the interview.