Roman Saini is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
HOW TO STUDY GS PAPER IV ETHICS, INTEGRITY AND APTITUDE Lesson 1
UPSC notification says, "This paper will include questions to test the candidates' attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society Questions may utilize the case study approach to determine these aspects.",
UPSC does not want an ethics scholar out of you. It wants to evaluate your ethical competence and not how much you know about ethics. A basic understanding with a good ability to analyze various topics and issues is all that is required
Ethics as a subject derives its content from subjects like Philosophy, Psychology, Sociology and Public Administration But for UPSC preparation, it is a bit different. It isa part of 'General' studies. Therefore you are not expected to be too technical.
Before starting to study ethics, analyze the past few years' mains question papers of GS paper 4. You would get an idea about what UPSC is expecting from you in this paper.
You would notice that UPSC asks questions which we encounter everyday in our daily lives but never bother to find out their answers. These questions are: What does happiness mean to you? How important are friends to you? How do you see your family in your life? What qualities do you want to see in your partner? How do you feel about the current state of society and how can you change it and make it better?
If you start observing your surroundings and analyzing various social phenomena as a part of your daily introspection in free time from an early phase of your UPSC preparation, half of your preparation for ethics is done
Though this paper does not need extensive and exhaustive preparation like other GS papers, you cannot afford to neglect it too. You cannot write stories and extempore in the ethics paper. You need to develop the ethical temperament over a period of time to excel in this paper. You cannot fake it without being noticed by the examiner.
A clear understanding about oneself, wide reading and a good grip on various social and ethical issues, and the most important part, natural, original and logical answer writing style are the essential ingredients for this paper.