to enroll in courses, follow best educators, interact with the community and track your progress.
14 lessons,
2h 24m
Enroll
176
Calculating Thermodynamic Quantities
397 plays

More
In this lesson I have described how we can calculate different thermodynamic Quantities using the partition functions.A lesson on previous year problems on these topics follows.

Sayantan Bhattacharya
"Educating India For a Better Tomorrow" ||Ph.D student,U mass Lowell,Massachusetts,USA|| M.Sc,University Of Hyderabad,2018|| B.Sc,B.H.U,2016

U
1. Calculating different thermodynamic Quantities By Sayantan Bhattacharya

2. Contents .Ensembles Thermodynamics Quantities . Calculating Thermodynamic Quantities using Partition Function

3. Canonical Ensemble Canonical Ensemble: A system which can transfer energy with a reservoir but not partides is called the Canonical Ensemble. The corresponding probability distribution is called a canonical distribution.

4. Micro-Canonical Ensemble . If a system exchanges neither heat nor partides, it's said to be micro-canonical ensemble. The corresponding probability distribution is called the micro-canonical distribution.

5. Grand-Canonical Distribution A system which can exchange both energy and particles with a reservoir is called a Grand canonical Ensemble. The corresponding probability distribution is called

6. Thermodynamic Quantities In statistical mechanics we mainly calculate those thermodynamic quantities, using which we can completely describe a system . Example: Entropy, total and mean energy, Helmholtzfree energy, Enthalpy, Gibbs Potential, Pressure, Specific heat etc.

7. Calculation Of Thermodynamic Quantities We can calculate the Thermodynamic quantities ,previously described First we need to calculate the partition function. Then we can derive other quantities from it. Each system has different partition function: i.e. For a classical gas molecule, The Partition function is given by: z(2rmkT/2 .

8. Entropy . We know that s-k in , from this equation we can derive the value of Entropy in terms of Partition function for,any assembly of ideal gas molecules We get

9. Total Energy . We know for total number of particles Nif average energy is e .Then total energy E-N So,we have, . And, Total energy, E-Ne

10. . Helmholtz potential: F NKT loge Z . Enthalpy: . Gbbs Potential: 2 O(log Z) + RT -T(Nk log Z+Nk) 2 o(log Z) + RT - NTlog Z-3NkT

11. . The speific heat at constant volume can be expressed as: OE So,we get : OT OT

12. THANK You