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THE REVOLT OF 1857 INDIGO REVOLT 1859-60
Group I India since independence Group - II India since independence Group - IV V.A.O india since independence
INDIGO REVOLT 1859-60 INC PARTITION OF BENGAL SWADESHI MOVEMENT MUSLIM LEAGUE
Indigo Revolt (1859 60) O In this, the peasants were forced to grow indigo in their lands unwillingly by the European factory-owners. o The anger exploded in Govindpur village of Nadia district (Bengal) under Digamber Biswas & VishuBiswas. o Others who played important role were Harish Chandra Mukherjee (editor of the newspaper Hindu Patriot), Dinbandhu Mitra (writer of play, Neel Darpan) & Michael Madhusudan Datta (eminent Bengali poet-cum-play writer, who translated Neel Darpan into English)
The Indian National Congress Formed in 1885 by_A.O.Hume, and Englishman and a retired civil servant, o OHume's main purpose was probably to provide a 'safety valve' to the growing discontent among the education Indians. o Other important leaders during foundation were Dadabhai Naoroji, Badrudin Tyabji, Anand, Mohan Bose, R.C.Dutt, Ferozshah Mehta, G.K.Gokhale, G.Subramaniyam Aiyyar, Dinshaw Vacha, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Mahadev Govind Ranade, Madan Mohan Malviya
First session in Bombay under W.C,Banerjee in 1885 (72 delegates attended it). In the first two decades (1885-1905), quite moderate in its approach on confided in British justice and generosity But the repressive measures of the British gave rise to extremists within Congress like Bipin Chandra Pal, Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Lala Lajpat Rai (Lal, Bal, Pal)
Safety Value Theory of Indian National Congress Indian National Congress was founded by a Retired Civil Servant and not by any Indian. o o It was said that the INC was started by Viceroy Lord Dufferin with the help of an ex Civil Services member as a "Safety Valve" against the popular discontent. This is termed as "Safety Valve Theory".
About Congress 1. Foundation in 1885 2. The significance of A.0. Hume's involvement was to remove official hostility. 3. The first Session at Gokuldas Tejpal Sanskrit College in Mumbai. 4. The first president was Womesh Chandra Bannerjee of Bengal
It was attended by 100 men of whom 72 were non-officials and were recongnised as members. 5. 6. The founder members were PherozshahMehta, Badruddin Tayabji, W.C. Banerjee, Romesh Chandra Dutt, Dada Bhai Nauroji etc Initially it was named Indian National Union. The name Indian National Congress was on the suggestion of 7. 8. Dadabhai Nauroji.
Earlier Poona was selected for the venue, but it had to be shifted to Mumbai because of the outbreak of Cholera in Poona 9. 10. The Governor-General of India at the time of its foundation was Lord Dufferin. 11. Among the classes, the educated middle class had the largest share in the beginning.
15. Landed classes and the masses were absent. 16. Foundation of "British Committee of the Congress" in 1889 by Dada Bhai Nauroji, A.0. Hume and William Wedderburn to influence British Public opinion at London 17. Dada Bhai started the journal India' in 1890.
Swadeshi Movement (1905) Had its origin in the anti-partition movement of Bengal. The leaders of Bengal felt that mere demonstrations, public meetings and resolutions were not enough and something more concrete was needed and the answer felt was Swadeshi and Bovcott. Lal, Bal, Pal, and Aurobindo Ghosh played the important role. INC took the Swadeshi call first at the Banaras Sessions, 1905 presided over by G.K.Gokhale. Bonfires of foreign goods were conducted at various places.