The Hindu Daily Editorial Discussion 4/3/19 By - Ashish Singh
plus Teaching live on Unacademy Plus Unlimited access to all plus courses . Structured live courses . Learn from experienced educators Learn more Yunacademy Environment And NEWS Ecoloagy By Ashish Singh By Ashish Singh By Ashish Singh (Hindi) 100 MCQ's on Environment and Hindi) February, 2019 The Hindu Daily February 2019: The Hindu Daily Editorial and Prelims Based.. Ecology Editorial and Prelims 9 Lessons 60 Lessons 59 Lessons
Page 8 Page 9 Lines being crossed Failing the forest .The reasons behind India's restraint after the 26/11 attacks . Both human rights and wildlife rights are still valid today groups have not used the Forest Rights Act as a conservation tool .The basics are vital The difference between journalism and Making hospitalisation affordable will spell relief, but there is no alternative to strengthening primary health care propaganda Journalists should report events rather than become cheerleaders for hate politics and intolerance .The week after . India must keep up diplomatic pressure on Pakistan to act . Equally in the spotlight against terror groups .Some recent Hindi films show that 'character actors' no longer have a secondary status . Deepening slowdown Can the RBI's reduction in borrowing costs help check the demand slowdown?
Failing the forest GS PAPER 3 . Environment conservation 0
.On February 13, the Supreme Court ordered the eviction of more than 10 lakh Adivasis and other forest dwellers from forestland across 17 States The petitioners, mainly wildlife NGOs, had demanded that State governments evict those forest dwellers whose claims over traditional forestland under the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006, known simply as the Forest Rights Act (FRA), had been rejected. . .On February 28, the court stayed its controversial order and asked the States to submit details on how the claims of the dwellers were decided and the authorities competent to pass final rejection orders.
.While the Supreme Court has now made it clear that there will be no forcible eviction, what the order has succeeded in doing is resuscitating a sharp binary between the human rights- and wildlife rights-based groups that have for decades tried to swing public opinion in their favour. The wildlife groups who went to court argue that implementation of the FRA could lead to encroachments, and fresh clearance of forestland for human dwellings. The human rights groups have argued that the FRA was passed by Parliament and is aimed at correcting historical injustices to traditional forest dwellers who, since colonial times, have been subject to a cycle of evictions Since colonial times, as governments asserted their control over forests, India's forest history has become a cycle of evictions from forestland and rebellions by forest dwellers. . .
A fundamental difference .Now, here's the problem. Both groups have been so locked in ideological debates whether in the courtroom or on social media . that they have failed to protect what could potentially have been beneficial to their respective interest groups: the forest. The FRA was meant for forest dwellers, but it could have also been a powerful tool for conservation. Sadly, both sides have propagated misinformation to garner support for themselves. .
The first myth that needs to be busted for the wildlife lobby is that when a right is recognised of a forest dweller/Adivasi on a piece of land, it doesn't mean that he/she will cut down all the trees in that area. This is often the strongest note of dissonance between the two groups the implication that recognising rights on forestland is the same as clear felling that forest. Therefore, to argue that the rights of millions of forest dwellers have been recognised through the Act does not mean that the forest is a pie to be divided . On the other hand, when forestland is 'diverted for big development projects, like mining or highways or roads, it is actually clear felled or submerged If this fundamental difference between 'recognition of rights' and 'diversion' were accepted, the groups at loggerheads would in fact find grounds for commonality.
Correcting historical injustice .Likewise, could not the same wildlife NGOs which filed this petition in the Supreme Court have joined hands with the local communities and used the FRA to challenge big development projects coming up on forestland instead? .Human rights groups too cannot be absolved of blame. Most of them have been quick to respond when the judiciary steps in, but have been missing when it comes to the tedious groundwork of working with the gram sabhas and ensuring that genuine claims are filed. The same human rights groups did not come forward to fight cases that could have helped conservation as well as the people who live in those areas. .Both groups have failed the forest. . There is a chance to correct the historical injustice has been inflicted on the people and to India's forests. And it is through the FRA that India can achieve that aim.
The basics are vital GS PAPER II Health
.In 2011, a high-level expert group on universal health coverage reckoned that nearly 70% of government health spending should go to primary health care The National Health Policy (NHP) 2017 also advocated allocating . "the highest possible level of good health and well-being, through a . However, if current trends and projections are anything to go by, resources of up to two-thirds or more to primary care as it enunciated the goal of achieving preventive and promotive healthcare orientation". this goal is likely to remain a pious hope.
.Last year, an outlay of rs /- 1,200 crore was proposed to transform 1.5 lakh sub- health centres into health and wellness centres by 2022, which would provide a wider range of primary care services than existing sub- and primary health centres (PHC) Going by the government's own estimate, in 2017, it would cost rs /- 16 lakh to convert a sub-health centre into a health and wellness centre. . This year, the outlay is rs /-1,600 crore (a 33% increase) clubbed under the .Assuming that at least the same number (15,000) of new health and wellness . and that at least half the aforementioned amount of rs /- 16 lakh would be .While this is a conservative estimate, the realistic figure could easily exceed rs /- . The current outlay is less than half the conservative estimate-not to mention National Health Mission (NHM) budget. centres would be planned for 2019-20, required to run an already approved health and wellness centre, the required sum for the year 2019-20 stands at around rs f-3,600 crore. required su 4,500 crore. that building health and wellness centres at the given rate (15,000 per year) car fulfil not even half the proposed target of 1.5 lakh health and wellness centres till 2022
Staff shortage Today, the condition of our primary health infrastructure is lamentable: there is a shortage of PHCs (22%) and sub-health centres (20%), while only 7% sub-health Centres and 12% primary health centres meet Indian Public Health Standards (IPHS) norms. Further, numerous primary-level facilities need complete building reconstruction, . as they operate out of rented apartments and thatched accommodations, and lack basic facilities such as toilets, drinking water and electricity .Data by IndiaSpend show that there is a staggering shortage of medical and paramedical staff at all levels of care: 10,907 auxiliary nurse midwives and 3,673 doctors are needed at sub-health and primary health centres, while for community health centres the figure is 18,422 specialists.
.With India and Pakistan deciding to de-escalate post-Balakot tensions, the focus has moved to the diplomatic sphere. India's strikes on a target deep inside Pakistan were coupled with diplomatic manoeuvres that ensured no country censured India for the move. And in a turnaround for ties with the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation after half a century, External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj was able to put the country's case before the body, while Pakistan stayed out. . In recognition of India's justification to act against an imminent terror threat from the Jaish-e-Mohammad, the U.S., the U.K. and France also moved in at record speed to bring another listing request against the group's founder, Masood Azhar, at the UN Security Council's committee for terror designations.
Second, while Pakistan announced it would study the dossier given by New Delhi on Azhar and the JeM, it does not appear to be willing to act against either, and has not taken steps akin to the few it had after the 2001 Parliament attack, . the 2008 Mumbai attacks or the 2016 Pathankot attack. .Pakistan Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi's comments . It is also necessary to realise the limits of calling international .Finally, the government must have a firmer handle on its messaging . so that a public reading of its strategic purpose is not lost in the practically defending the JeM and putting out excuses of "illness" for Azhar make that clear. attention to India's concerns, to ensure that there are no curbs on what India sees as its strategic autonomy. after the events of the past week claim vs counterclaim spiral with Pakistan.
Deepening slowdown GS PAPER III Indian Economy
centralstatisticsOffiarguablysertinglyandthelatestestimatesfrom Central Statistics Office disconcertingly point to a deepening slowdown. . GDP growth is projected to have eased to 6.6% in the October- %in the october December period. . with the CSO now forecasting the full-year expansion at 7%, fiscal fourth-quarter growth is implicitly pegged at an even slower 6.5%. At that level, growth would have slowed to a seven-quarter low, giving the incumbent NDA government its slowest pace of annual growth.
Manufacturing is another source of concern. The estimates for growth in GVA for the sector put the pace at 6.7%, weaker than the 6.9% posted in the second quarter and a rapid deceleration from the April June period's 12.4%. The latest Index of Industrial Production (IIP) figures also give little cause for optimism as manufacturing expansion in December slowed to 2.7%, from 8.7% 12 months earlier. RBI Governor Shaktikanta Das had in fact pointedly cited how "high- frequency and survey-based indicators for the manufacturing and services sectors" suggested a slowdown in the pace of activity, to help ustify his vote last month for an interest rate cut to bolster growth.
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