DNA Based Prelims Booster News Discussior for PT - 2019 By - Ashish Singh
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National Supercomputing Mission (NSM) Context: IIT Kharagpur has signed an MoU with Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) to set up a 1.3 Petaflop high-performance computing facility and data centre funded under the National Supercomputing Mission. NATIONAL SUPERCOMPUTING MISSION INFRASTRUCTURE I APPLICATIONS R&D HRD
. The new supercomputing system would be used for specific challenge domains like cryptography, chemistry, molecular dynamics, " drug discovery, artificial intelligence and data sciences where the new system would be utilized
National Supercomputing Mission (NSM) National Supercomputing Mission, approved in 2016, is being implemented and steered jointly by the Department of Science and Technology (DST) and Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DeitY) The Mission envisages empowering national academic and R&D institutions spread over the country by installing a vast supercomputing grid comprising of more than 70 high-performance computing facilities These supercomputers will also be networked on the National Supercomputing grid over the National Knowledge Network (NKN) The NKN is another programme of the government which connects academic institutions and R&D labs over a high speed network. The Mission includes development of highly professional High Performance Computing (HPC) aware human resource for meeting challenges of development of these applications .
Significance: World-wide supercomputing facilities have enabled countries in their S&T capabilities in areas such as designing vehicles, aeroplanes, massive structures like high rise buildings and bridges, infrastructure, discovery of new life saving drugs, discovery and extraction of new energy sources including oil, natural gas etc. Over the years, supercomputers have benefitted mankind in several ways. Weather prediction has reached accuracy of forecast as well as real time tracking of natural phenomenon. . .Timely warning of cyclones in the recent past have saved many lives and property The Mission aims to further such capabilities beyond current levels. .
National Supercomputing Mission (NSM) Building Capacity and Capabilit Vision To Attain leadership and self-reliance in Supercomputing Scope * Setting up supercomputing Impact expected centres of different sizes and scales to match demands of HPC users build & buy approach Supercomputing applications development Creating a national grid by interconnecting various HPC systems over NKN Significant Qualitative & Quantitative improvement in R&DI Higher Education in all S&T Disciplines Capability to solve multi disciplinary Grand Challenge problems Solid Foundations for Supercomputing Ecosystem Conducive Environment for Scientific Breakthroughs Reduced Gap/ Contemporary in Next Generation Technologies in different domains Overall impact on National Economy . HPC manpower development Creating cloud infrastructure for HPC user community Initiating R&D for next- generation Exascale Computing
Bomb Cyclone' .Context: A powerful bomb cyclone has impacted several part of the US causing heavy floods.
What is a Bomb cyclone? . The term is used by meteorologists to indicate a mid- latitude cyclone that intensifies rapidly A bomb cyclone happens when atmospheric pressure in the middle of the storm drops at least 24 millibars over 24 hours, quickly increasing in intensity The lower the pressure, the stronger the storm.
.What's the difference between hurricanes, cyclones and typhoons? Hurricanes, cyclones and typhoons are all tropical storms. They are all the same thing but are given different names depending on where they appear. When they reach populated areas they usually bring very strong wind and rain which can cause a lot of damage. Hurricanes are tropical storms that form over the North Atlantic Ocean and Northeast Pacific. Cyclones are formed over the South Pacific and Indian Ocean. Typhoons are formed over the Northwest Pacific Ocean. . over the Northwest
. Otters: .Otters are an important part of the forest ecosystem A thriving population of otters means a healthy ecosystem. A mammal, an otter spends much of its time in or close to water bodies. Otters live on fish . They are classified as vulnerable.
IB ACIO II- 2017(Mains Qualified), Verified Exam cleared- SSC CPO (2014), SSC CGL Tier (2016 - Qualified for Mains), DSSSB (Mains)