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12 March 2019 Prelims based discussion (Hindi)
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Ashish Singh
IB ACIO II- 2017(Mains Qualified), Verified Exam cleared- SSC CPO (2014), SSC CGL Tier (2016 - Qualified for Mains), DSSSB (Mains)

U
Unacademy user
1) - 2) c 3) c 4) a 5) b Last time score 3/5 20 (1) No person shall be convicted of any offence except for violation of a law in force at the time of the commission of the Act charged as an offence, nor be subjected to a penalty greater than that which might have been inflicted under the law in force at the time of the commission of the offence. Thanks sir
  1. DNA Based Prelims Booster News Discussior for PT - 2019 By - Ashish Singh


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  3. National Knowledge Network Context: India has decided to extend its National Knowledge Network to Bangladesh.


  4. About NKK What is it? NKN is a multi-gigabit pan-India network which facilitates the development of India's communications infrastructure, stimulates research and creates next generation applications and services. Aim: With its multi-gigabit capability, NKN aims to connect all universities, research institutions, libraries, laboratories, healthcare and agricultural institutions across the country to address such paradigm shift. What it does? It enables collaboration among researchers from different educational networks such as TEIN4, GARUDA, CERN and Internet2. It also enables sharing of scientific databases and remote access to advanced research facilities. The leading mission oriented agencies in the fields of nuclear, space and defence research are also part of NKN .


  5. Role of NKN Establishing a high-speed backbone connectivity which will enable knowledge and information sharing amongst NKN connected institutes. Enabling collaborative research, development and innovatiorn . Facilitating advanced distance education in specialized fields like . Facilitating an ultra-high speed e-governance backbone. amongst NKN connected institutes. engineering, science, medicine etc. Facilitating connection between different sectoral networks in the field of research


  6. World Gold Council (WGC) Gold cache Rank Possessor Tonnes | U.S. Context: World Gold Council (WGC) has released a report on gold holdings of various countries. 8,133.5 2 Germany 3,369.7 2,814.0 2,451.8 3 IMF 4 Italy 6 Russia 7 China 9 Japan France 2,4360 2,119.2 Mainand 1,864.3 8 Switzerland 1,040.0 765.2 10 Netherlands 612.5 607.0 504.8 423.6 14 Portugal 382.5 15 Kazakhstan 353.3 11 India 12 ECB 13 Taiwan


  7. Key facts India, which is the world's largest consumer of gold, has the 11th largest gold reserve, with the current holding pegged at 607 tonnes. International Monetary Fund (IMF) is third on the list with total gold reserves of 2,814 tonnes. Top slot is occupied by the U.S., which boasts of gold reserves of 8,133.5 tonnes, followed by Germany with 3,369.7 tonnes. Among Asian countries, China and Japan have more reserves of the precious metal when compared to India. Pakistan, with its gold reserves of 64.6 tonnes, occupies the 45th position. .


  8. About World Gold Council .The World Gold Council is the market development organisation for the gold industry. It works across all parts of the industry, from gold mining to investment, and their aim is to stimulate and sustain demand for gold. The World Gold Council is an association whose members comprise the world's leading gold mining companies. It helps to support its members to mine in a responsible way and developed the Conflict Free Gold Standard. Headquartered in the UK, they have offices in India, China, Singapore, Japan and the United States .


  9. ISRO'S AstroSat Context: The Indian multi-wavelength space observatory AstroSat, launched in September 2015, continues to yield exciting results. Using this observatory, astronomers from Thiruvananthapuram and Mumbai have identified a new population of ultraviolet stars in the globular cluster NGC 2808. India's first Multiwavelength Space Observatory ASTROSAT The 5 telescopes of the Astrosat 1. Large Area X-ray Proportional Counter (LAXPC 2. Soft X-ray Telecope SXT) 3, Cadmium-Zinc-Telluride imager (CZT) 4. Scanning Sky Monitor ISSM) 5. Ultra Violet Imaging Telescope (UVIT)


  10. About ASTROSAT ASTROSAT is India's first dedicated multi wavelength space observatory. This scientific satellite mission endeavours for a more detailed understanding of our universe. . .ASTROSAT is designed to observe the universe in the Visible, Ultraviolet, low and high energy X-ray regions of the electromagnetic spectrum simultaneously with the help of its five payloads. Astrosat aims at understanding the high energy processes in binary star systems containing neutron stars and black holes, to estimate magnetic fields of neutron stars, to study star birth regions and high energy processes in star systems lying beyond the Milky Way galaxy .This mission has put ISRO in a very exclusive club of nations that have space-based observatories. Only the United States, European Space Agency, Japan and Russia have such observatories in space.


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  12. Pinaka Guided Weapons Context: The indigenously developed Pinaka Guided Weapons System was successfully test fired at Pokhran desert in Rajasthan. .Pinaka rocket systems are developed by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) The rocket system was named after Pinaka, the bow of Lord Shiva It was initially a 30 to 40 km range rocket. Its range was increased 70 to 80 km with Pinaka Mark II.



  13. Educational Generic Internet Security Agencies National Labs CDAC/DAE/ISRO/ munly e-Mad e-Mail GW -VPN (12) e-Mail List Software USTSERV) DNS-NKN -VPN (L3) EDUSAT DNS-Security for NKN Users Web Hosting VPN Service Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) National Internet Exchange Points (NIXI) NKN IT/IM/NIT/ Community Multicast iversities (Central, State) /IISER/IISc. MCU based Video Portal Content Delivery INTERNET These services may be through a CUG as well -SMS GW Connections to Global Networks (e.g. GEANT/TEIN4) Medical Colleges/ Hospitals/ ICMR Collaborations with (PaaS & Saas National /State Data Centers/Networks