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2nd of July Editorial Analysis of the HINDU
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This lesson Explains about the Editoral Analysis of the HINDU Newspaper

Nithin K
I am a District level Table Tennis Player.Have published research paper in IIM Indore on the title"Smart Marketing in the Digital age" .I ha

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  2. India- Seychelles Relationship Important for GS-2 Preparation/ Syllabus (Under International Relation) THEDE

  3. India- Seychelles Relations 1. India and Sevchelles relationship was established in 1976 since its independence 2. In 1986, India had executed 'Operation Flowers are Blooming' in Seychelles in request of the erstwhile President Rene to avert a coup 3. India's Assistance to Sevchelles 4. Two petrol vessels - the Tarmugli (2006) and the Tarasa (2014) - were gifted by India to the Seychelles 5. India has provided Seychelles with equipment such as Dornier Do 228s and Chetak helicopters as part of 6. In 2012, India had pledged US s 50 million as Line of Credit and USS 25 million as grant to the 7. Further, India and Seychelles collaborate for conducting hydrographic surveys, and launched a coastal 8. In August 2015 India signed a taxation agreement with the Seychelles for allowing exchange of 9. Further, India and Seychelles signed an agreement for constructing and operating joint military facility on government to augment surveillance and patrolling capacity of Seychelles the maritime security arrangement against terrorism and piracy Government of Seychelles surveillance radar project- Coastal Surveillance Radar System (CSRS) information to curb tax evasion the Assumption Island, situated to the north of Madagascar. The deal was to include 30 year access to the base as well as permission to station Indian military personnel on ground 10. However, the project got halted as it could not be ratified by the Seychelles parliament

  4. Strategic Significance of the assumption Island for India INDIA Bay of Bengal Arabian Sea ASSUMPTIONISLAND AFRICA SEY CHELLES Ind an Ocean a) Securing trade routes: . Joint Military facility would provide for a safe passage of shipping vessels and containers in the southern Indian Ocean Region It would help in checking piracy and trafficking issues in the Mozambique Channel through which bulk of International trade takes place b) Limit China's presence in IOR .With China acquiring its first African naval base in Djibouti and increasing its presence in Seychelles as well, Assumption island is critical to India's strategic foothold in the Indian Ocean Region c) Maritime Security for Seychelles - help patrol S Lakh sq miles area of EEZ (Exclusive Economic Zone) of Seychelles to combat illegal fishing, drug trafficking and piracy d) Energy Security: Important for ensuring India's energy security as a large volume of trade in oil takes place through this route

  5. 1. Recently, Seychelles President Danny Faure was on a visit to India. Major takcaways from the visit: Both India and Seychelles agreed to work together on the project to develop a naval base at the Assumption Island India announced a USD 100-million credit to Seychelles for augmenting its defence capabilities 2. 3. 4. 6 MoUs signed: 5. MoUl regarding Indian Grant Assistance for implementation of small development projects through local bodies, educational and vocational institutions. 6. Twinning Agreement on Establishment of Friendship and Cooperation between Panaji (Municipal Corporation), Goa (India) and Victoria City of Seychelles... 7. Moul in area of Cyber Security 8. Cultural Exchange Programme between India and Seychelles for the years 2018-2022. 9. Technical Agreement on Sharing White Shipping Information between Indian Navy and National Information Sharing and Coordination Center of Seychelles 10. Mol between Foreign Service Institute (FSI) of Ministry of External Affairs of India and Department of Foreign Affairs of Seychelle

  6. Significance of Seychelles for India Access to Africa and Pan-African e-network Proiect 1. Sevchelles provides a link to East African North worldatlas countries with whom India historically had socio-economic ties and at present forms a large market for Indian firms. Ocean MIDOLE AST 2. Sevchelles is a part of the Pan African e Network project between India and the African Union that seeks to connect the 53 member states of the African Union through a satellite and fibre optic network to India and to each other. The project seeks to enable access to and sharing of expertise between India and African states, particularly in the medical and education field AFRICA EQUATOR SEYCHELLES South oti Indion Ocean

  7. Indian Diaspora 1. The Indian Diaspora mostly of Tamilian and Guajarati Blue Economy: origins represents 8 percent of the Seychelles population India and Seychelles has shared historical socio-cultural ties Further, the Indian Diaspora has been influential in Seychelles and fostered diplomatic ties between the nations Seychelles has been a pioneer in advancing the concept of blue economy', which includes aspects ike environment, hydrocarbons, marine economy, renewable energy and exploration of continental shelf 2. 3. he blue economy also forms the part of the economic agenda of the Indian Ocean Commission and the Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA) Since 2015, India and Seychelles has been collaborating in the field of Blue economy. The cooperation will benefit India by 1. En Trade and Energy Security: 1. Seychelles is located in close proximity to the oil sea lanes and oil producing nations. These sea lanes are vital for India's external trade and energy securit hancing India's strategic cooperation in the field of blue economy; Commercial benefits from export of human resources, expertise and technology 2. 3. Increase India's access to ocean-based resources in cooperation with Seychelle:s

  8. Issues and Challenges 1.The China Factor: Recently, the Indian Ocean Region has become increasingly contested. China has secured diplomatic, military, and economic arrangements with countries such as Bangladesh, Maldives, Myanmar, Sri Lanka and Pakistan V India is concerned over encirclement by China through the strategy referred to as the "string of pearls" initiative VThe increasing Chinese ties with Seychelles has risen concerns for India as it tries to limit growing Chinese presence in the IOR 2.Internal issues in Seychelles The Assumption Island Project has halted due to a number of setbacks VThe biggest setback came when Detailed Project Report (DPR) was leaked on You Tube raising concerns over the nature of the deal VTo remove fear that the Island was sold off to India and getting amidst Indo-China dispute, revisions were made in the deal. The revised deal included clarifications about the non-use of the facility for war VHowever, protests over the deal continued and it faced much political opposition. As a result, the deal was not ratified in the Seychelles Parliamer 3.Chequebook Diplomacy VIndia unlike China does not have economic leverage to deploy its resources as been manifested by the latter through its Belt Road Initiative and other interventions witnessed in Africa and South Asian countries purposes

  9. Wav Forward: 1. India's assistance to Sechyelles in the areas from defence, human capacity building, tourism and infrastructure is accordance to SAGAR (Security and Growth for All in the Region) initiative which aims to ensure free, open and inclusive Indian Ocean Region Seychelles is an integral part of the Project Mausam-which aims to restore India's ancient maritime routes and cultural links with nations in the Indian Ocean Region. This furthers India's formidable stand to counter China's growing presence in the region. Through various initiatives India has been engaging diplomatically, economically and strategically with Seychelles and other Island nations to keep its foothold in the Indian Ocean Region intact 2. 3.