Prelims Bits » Attorney General for India

Attorney General for India

Why in the News?

  • THE Central Government is likely to reappoint Senior Advocate KK Venugopal as Attorney General for India for a period of one more year.


  • S/he is the top legal officer in the country & part of the Union Executive.

  • S/he is not considered as a government servant.

  • Assisted by 2 Solicitor Generals & 4 Additional Solicitor Generals.

  • Under the Constitution of India, Article 76 deals with for Attorney General of India & Article 165 for the Advocate General of States.

  • Eligibility

    • Qualified to be appointed as Supreme Court judge.

    • Citizen of India.

    • Judge of High Court (HC) for 5 years/advocate HC for 10 years/eminent jurist President’s opinion.

  • Tenure: Not fixed.

  • Appointment: By President on Government advice.

  • Functions

    • Advise Government on legal matters.

    • Perform legal duties assigned by President.

    • Appear on behalf of Government in all cases in SC or HC.

    • Represent Government under Article 143 (Power of President to consult SC).

    • Discharge functions conferred by Constitution or law.

  • Rights

    • Right to Speak & take part in proceedings of both Houses of Parliament/joint sitting/any committee of Parliament of which he/she may be named a member.

    • Enjoys privileges & immunities of a member of Parliament.

    • Not a Government servant & not debarred from private legal practice.

  • Limitations

    • No Right to Vote in House proceedings/committees.

    • Should not advise against or hold a brief against the Government.

    • Should not defend accused persons in criminal prosecutions without the permission of the Government of India.

    • Should not accept appointment as a director in any company or corporation without the permission of the Government of India.

  • Removal

    • Holds office during President’s pleasure & can be removed by President at any time.

    • No grounds for removal or procedure mentioned in Constitution.