Daily News Analysis » April 2024 » Home Voting- First time for Lok Sabha Elections: 15 April 2024

Home Voting- First time for Lok Sabha Elections: 15 April 2024

Key points:

Home Voting Facility for Elderly and PwDs:

  • Voters above 85 years of age and Persons with Disabilities (PwDs) with 40% benchmark disability can vote from home.
  • This initiative allows these voters to participate in the electoral process conveniently.
  • It aims to create a more equitable and representative democracy where every citizen’s voice matters, regardless of physical limitations or age. 

Inclusive Electoral Process:

  • Over 81 lakh voters above the age of 85 and 90 lakh plus PwD voters are registered for home voting.

Procedure to Avail Home Voting Facility::

  • Within five days of the election notification, eligible voters must complete Form 12D.
  • The Booth Level Officer (BLO) will retrieve Form 12D from the elector’s residence once the required documentation is completed.
  • A team of polling officials and security personnel visit the voter’s residence to collect their votes.
  • Voters receive SMS notifications about the days when home voting is active.
  • The entire process is recorded on video to ensure transparency and accountability.

Other initiatives for Inclusive Elections:

  • Multi Constituency Remote Electronic Voting Machine (RVM): To allow domestic migrants to vote for their home constituencies from remote locations.
  • Voting by postal ballot: For service voters (members of the armed forces, police forces serving outside their states, and government employees serving outside India), voters on election duty, and electors subjected to preventive detention.
  • Facilitating proxy voting:  Allowing registered electors (particularly service voters) to delegate their voting rights to a representative of their choice.

Why in news?

  • For 2024 Lok Sabha Elections, the Election Commission of India (ECI), for the first time has provided the facility of home voting for the elderly and Persons with Disabilities.