CRASH COURSE ON INDIAN POLITY BY:- SHIV KUMAR
Union and its territory Article 1:- India that is Bharat is a union of states. Article 2:- admit establishment of new States Article 3: formation / changes of existence States. Article 4:- law made under article 2/3 are not considered as amendments and pass simple majority. Reorganisation of States Dhar Commission- (appointed in 1948) Report-reorganisation of state on the basis of Administrative convenience rather than lingusitic factor.
JVP committee:-(appointed in 1948), Report (1949)- rejected the reorganisation of state on the basis of language. In 1953: first linguistic state create Andhra state. Fazal Ali Commission (appointed in 1953), Report(1955) rejected the theory of one language one state. State reorganisation act of 1956- 14 states and 6 union territories were created
Citizenship (art. 5-11 ,part 2nd ) Lienals statues counthjeve social economic and poltical rights in the country. Single citizenship but but J&K and USA have dual citizenship Borrowed from England but Canada is also the single citizenship. Benefits-voting rights, election, property and article 15,16,19,29 and 30 only for Indian citizens not aliens.
Article 11:- Parliament have power to make any provision w.r.t. the acquisition and termination of citizenship. Citizenship act of 1955:- 5 way of acquiring citizenship:- by birth, by Descent,by registration ,by naturalization, by incorporation of territory Loss of citizenship:- By renunciation:-loss by self declaration By termination:- acquiring the citizenship of other country his Indian citizenship automatically terminate. By deprivation: - citizen obtained citizenship by fraud and show disloyalty of constitution. Government of India deprived his citizenship
In 2015-amendment-citizenship act of 1955:- introducing new scheme called Overseas citizen of India card holder by merging the PIO card scheme and the OCI card scheme. NRI(non residence India):- citizen- india PIO(person of I OCI(Overseas citizen of India):-foreigner Residence-foreigr Residence-foreign Residence-Foreig n ndia origin):-foreigner, ancestor- indian By registered as a OCI