CRASH COURSE ON INDIAN POLITY BY:- SHIV KUMAR
Making of constitution In 1895: first demand of constitution of India by Bal Gangadhar Tilak .In 1922 : Mahatma Gandhi suggested that the constitution of the India must be made by Indians. In 1928: unsuccessful try of making of constitution . Motilal Nehru report related to the constitution . Reject In 1934: the idea of constituent assembly for India was put forward for the first time by MN Roy.
In 1935: the INC ( 1885 A O Hume ) demand constituent assembly In 1938: Jawaharlal Nehru,Constituent assembly elected on the basis of adult franchise Demand was accepted by British government. In 1940 : August offer In 1942 : sir stafford cripps came in India with a proposal of British government. But cripps proposal rejected by Muslim League
Cabinet mission(1946) : three members. Total strength Lord pethick Lawrence Sir stafford cripps. A V Alexander 389 296 British indian 93 Princely states 292 Governors provinces British provinces 3 communities Muslims , Sikhs and general 4 Chief commissioners provinces . Representative Elected.
Working of constituent assembly Dec 9, 1946: attend 211 members, Dr. Sachidanand Sinha - temporary president. Muslim League boycotted the meeting Dec 11, 1946: elected president-Dr. Rajendra Prasad and the vice president H C Mukherjee and V. T. Krishnamachari Dec 13,1946: objective resolution-Jawaharlal Nehru This Resolution was unanimously adopted by the Assembly on January 22, 1947. Modified version forms- Preamble of present constitution.
Important fact: Constituent assembly had 11 sessions over 2 years 11 month and 18 days The constitution maker had gone through the constitution about 60 countries. Indian constitution- borrowed constitution Draft constitution passed on November 26, 1949 .284 members out of 299 signed the constitution. national flag adopted- july 22, 1947 National anthem adopted-january 24, 1950 National song adopted-January 24, 1950 Elected Dr. Rajendra Prasad as first president of India on jan 24, 1950
Finally the constitution came into force on January 26, 1950 originally it contain a preamble, 395 articles, 22 part and 8 schedules presently it contain a preamble ,465 articles,25 part and 12 schedules Original book of Constitution - Helium case - president house Constitution hand written by- Prem Bihari Narain Raizada