CRASH COURSE ON INDIAN POLITY BY:- SHIV KUMAR
Preamble Meaning:- introduction of constitution Kesavananda Bharati case (1973):-SC held that Preamble is a part of constitution. It can be amended subject to condition that no amendment is done to the Basic features. Preamble has been amended only once in 1976 by 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act and added Three new words Socialist, secular and integrity. According to Thakur Dass Bhargava Preamble is a soul of constitution According to Dr. Ambedkar article 32 is a soul of constitution
Keywords Sovereign:- india is neither a dependency nor Dominion of any other Nation. Socialist:- democratic socialism and faith in mixed economy. Secular: Democratic:- and political democracy all religions have same status equal opportunity in social ,economic it indicate that head of the state always elected
Justice:- equal rights of social economic and political justice. Liberty:- Liberty of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship Equality:- equal status and opportunity. Ferternity:-promotes a sense of brotherhood.
Description Schedules First schedule Name of states and union territorial jurisdiction Pay and allowances Second schedule Third schedule Oaths Forth schedule Allocations of seat of Rajya Sabha Fifth schedule Provisions related to schedule Areas and Scheduled Tribes Provisions for tribal areas of Assam,Meghalaya,Tripura and Mizoram (AMTM) Division of powers between Union and States in terms of list Language recognised by by constitution originally 14 language present 22 language Land Reforms and abolition of zamindari system Sixth schedule Seventh schedule Eighth schedule Ninth schedule(1st amendment,1951)
10th schedule (52nd amendment act of 1985) (anti defection law) 11th schedule (73rd Amendment Act of 1992) Disqualification of Member of Parliament Provisions of Panchayat system 12th schedule (74th Amendment Act of 1992) Provisions of municipalities