Nandini Maharaj is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
THE UN HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL I BY NANDINI MAHARAJ
unacadem BA (Hons.) History . Lady Shri Ram College for Women Hobbies: reading, dancing Rate, review and recommend! MA Applied Human Rights . Sheffield Hallam University . Kapila Hingorani Scholar .Follow me @ https://unacademy.com/user/ NandiniMaharai/courses
UN HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL Formation Structure and Mandate Tasks and instruments Universal Periodic Review Special Procedures * Advisory Committee VISO Monitoring (Complaint Procedure)
FORMATION The Commission on Human Rights was replaced by the Human Rights Council by decision of ECOSOC on March 15, 2006 The Human Rights Council constitutes the main UN organ in the realm of human rights. The Commission on Human Rights had lost its credibility. Furthermore, Kofi Annan, the Secretary General at the time, wanted to strengthern human rights, also institutionally, in the wake of his general UN-reform attempts. The Human Rights Council took up work on June 19, 2006.
STUCTURE AND MODUS OPERANDI Reports directly to the UNGA UNGA with an absolute majority of 96 states Seats distributed by regional groups The Council is led by one president and four vice- s Composed of 47 states' representatives, elected by the pesisecnoal ecte or onesas a te ie tegional groups.
STUCTURE AND MODUS OPERANDI s The Council is an independent organ Meets three to four times a year for an overall time span of at least ten weeks. Special meetings held if required Member states review one another periodically (peer review) in the universal periodical review process. Aims at preventing states that commit massive human rights abuses from becoming members of the Human Rights Council
MODUS OPERANDI s The work of the Human Rights Council must be led by principles contained in the Charter of the United Nations, including developing friendly relations among nations based on respect for the principle of equal rights and self determination of peoples, and achieving international cooperation in solving international problems. Politicizing, of which the Commission on Human Rights had been accused, was meant to be prevented.
TASKS Protection of victims of human rights abuses Promoting the protection of human rights Developing concepts and policies Setting standards e Prevention of human rights violations Mainstreaming the human rights work of the UN Keeping track and execution
TASKS It carries out its tasks with the Universal Periodic Review, Special Procedures, Advisory Committee to the HRC and the Complaints Procedure
Thank you :)