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THE UN HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL III BY NANDINI MAHARAJ
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UN HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL Formation Structure and Mandate Tasks and instruments Universal Periodic Review Special Procedures * Advisory Committee VISO Monitoring (Complaint Procedure)
ADVISORY COMMITTEE It is an expert committee to to support the Human Rights Council by providing expert knowledge and scientific studies. It was erected by the Council to qualitatively improve the The Committee may not act independently, nor may it adopt s It may, however, suggest new working themes to the Council human rights work of the Council resolutions or recommendations.
ADVISORY COMMITTEE s In case the Council assigns a mandate, the Advisory Committee may develop drafts on standard setting. It is currently doing so concerning a future Human Rights Development Declaration. The Advisory Committee is regarded as the think tank of the Human Rights Council.
COMPOSITION 18 independent experts Elected by the Human Rights Council In accordance with the geographic regions of the UN Five members coming from Africa, five members from Asia, three from South America and the Carribean, three from Western Europe and other states and two from Eastern Europe The Committee meets at most twice a year, for a maximum of ten days.
COMPLAINT PROCEDURE It serves the identification of grave and confirmable human rights abuses Individuals may submit complaints but they are not involved in the procedure as appellant. Therefore, the HRC-complaint procedure must not be confused with other individual complaint procedures which serve the realization of human rights on an individual basis, as they are established by additional protocols to some human rights conventions. The goal of the complaint procedure is the identification and containment of human rights abuses where there are indications of regular and systematic patterns of violations of human rights in a state
PROCEDURE The complaint is submitted by an individual or an NGO. It is then reviewed by a member of the working group of the Advisory Committee. The working group is composed of five members. If the complaint is deemed permitted, the state in question must comment on the accusations.
PROCEDURE If indications of regular and vast human rights abuse patterns are found, they are relayed to a working group with one representative of all regional groups. The working group's report is forwarded to the Human Rights Council It entails information on the situation in the country in question as well as suggestions on measures to take.
PROCEDURE The Human Rights Council devotes itself to such situations once a year. It observes the human rights situations in the states in question and can offer recommendations to the High Commissioner for Human Rights on how best to offer support to these countries. The procedure is confidential and is made public only with the final decision of the Human Rights Council This, as well as the restricted responsiveness are often criticized.