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UPSC CIVIL SERVICES EXAM 2018 Prelims Answer key Paper l 03.06.2018
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Prelims Answer key Paper SET B
Q.11 Why is a plant called Prosopis juliflora often mentioned in news ? (a) (b) (c) (d) Its extract is widely used in cosmetics. It tends to reduce the biodiversity in the area in which it grows. Its extract is used in the synthesis of pesticides. None of the above.
Solution: B) It tends to reduce the biodiversity in the area in which it grows eThe evergreen species is native to South and Central America Tolerant to arid conditions. Inbuilt mechanism to overcome adverse conditions. Source http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-tamilnadu/Tree-species-turning-into-en vironmental-threat/article 16603887.ece
Q.12 Consider the following statements: 1 Most of the world's coral reefs are in tropical waters. 2. More than one-third of the world's coral reefs are located in the territories of Australia, Indonesia and Philippines 3. Coral reefs host far more number of animal phyla than those hosted by tropical rainforests Which of the statements given above is/are correct? (a) (b) (c) (d) 1 and 2 only 3 only 1 and 3 only 1,2 and 3
Solution A Only the 1st and 2nd statements are correct. Reef forming corals thrive best in ocean waters that average around 27-28o C. Hence most of the world's large coral reef formations are found in the warm oceans of the tropical belt. Coral reefs host a greater number of animal phyla but not more than what is found in tropical rainforests. More than one-third of the world's coral reefs are located in the territories of Australia, Indonesia and Philippines as you can see in the picture given below: Pic Credit tions
Q.13 "Momentum for change: Climate Neutral Now" is an initiative launched by (a) (b) (c) (d) The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. The UNEP Secretariat. The UNFCCC Secretariat. The World Meteorological Organization.
Solution C The "Momentum for change : Climate Neutral Now" was launched by UNFCCC Secretariat in 2015. The following year, the secretariat launched a new pillar under its Momentum for Change initiative focused on Climate Neutral Now, as part of larger efforts to showcase successful climate action around the world
Q.14 With reference to educational institutions during colonial rule in India, consider the following pairs Institution Founder 1. 2. Sanskrit College at Banaras Calcutta Madarsa William Jones - Warren Hastings - 3. Fort William College Arthur Wellesley Which of the pairs given above is/are correct? (a) 1 and 2 (b) 2 only (c) 1 and 3 (d) 3 only
Solution B Only the 2nd match is correct with reference to educational institutions during colonial rule in India. Calcutta Madrasa, The was the earliest of the state-managed educational institutions under the British rule in India. Founded by the Governor General Warren Hastings, in October 1780. Sanskrit College in Varanasi was proposed in in 1791. Jonathan Duncan was the representative of the East India Company who proposed the establishment of a Sanskrit college for development and preservation of the Sanskrit. It was sanctioned by Governor General Lord Cornwallis. Fort William College was an academy and learning centre of Oriental studies established by Lord Wellesley,.then Governor-General of British India.
Q.15 Consider the following pairs: Regions sometimes mentioned in news Country 1. Catalonia 2. Crimea 3. Mindanao 4. Oromia Spain Hungary Philippines Nigeria Which of the pairs given above are correctly matched? (a) (b) (c) (d) 1,2 and 3 3 and 4 only 1 and 3 only 2 and 4 only
Q.16 Which one of the following statements correctly describes the meaning of legal tender money? (a) (b) (c) (d) The money which is tendered in courts of law to defray the fee of legal cases. The money which a creditor is under compulsion to accept in settlement of his claims. The bank money in the form of cheques,drafts,bills of exchange,etc. The metallic money in circulation in a country.
Q. 18 Increase in absolute and per capita real GNP do not connote a higher level of economic development, if (a) (b) (c) (d) Industrial output fails to keep pace with agricultural output. Agricultural output fails to keep pace with industrial output. Poverty and unemployment increase. Imports grow faster than exports
Q. 19 Consider the following statements: Human capital formation as a concept is better explained in terms of a process whiclh enables 1. Individuals of a country to accumulate more capital 2. Increasing the knowledge,skill levels and capacities of the people of the country. 3. Accumulation of the tangible wealth. 4 Accumulation of intangible wealth Which of the statements given above is/are correct? (a) (b) (c) (d) 1 and 2 2 only 2 and 4 1,3 and 4
Solution B Only the 2nd statement is correct. The Human Capital formation has nothing to do with the wealth (be it tangible or intangible) of individuals in an economy! According to Harbison, the human capital formation indicates, "the process of acquiring and increasing the number of persons who have the skills, education and experience which are critical for the economic and the political development of the country. Human capital formation is thus associated with investment in man and his development as a creative and productive resource." The above given definition indicates that the correct answer is B
Q.20 Despite being a high saving economy,capital formation may not result in significant increase in output due to (a) Weak administrative machinery (b) lliteracy (c) High population density (d) High capital-output ratio
Solution D The option D is the correct answer. An economy wThe concept of capital output ratio expresses the relationship between the value of capital invested and the value of output.