Meaning Country, organized with a form of government Power resides in elected individuals representing citizens Government which excludes a monarch(modern sense) has an elected head called the President. . Leaders exercise power according to the rule of law . The term 'republic in our Constitution indicates that India Eg: US, France, Islamic Republic of Iran etc.
Features: In the republican form of government, the political sovereignty is vested in the people and not in a single individual like a king All the public offices are open to every citizen without any discrimination & there is absence of any privileged class
Meaning God or a deity is recognized as the king . His laws are the laws of the kingdom . Laws administered by a priestly order as his ministers and agents. . sacerdotal order. (maintained by priests) Eg,: Vatican City, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Central Tibetan Administration
Features leader is believed to have a connection with the the diety. . Ecclesiocracy (situation where religious leaders leadin the state, but do not claim that they are instruments of God) governments seek guidance from higher powers to cover all aspects of life, including law, punishment, education and marriage.
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