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Meaning and Historical Background of Planning in India (in Hindi)
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First of all the idea of planned economy was crystallized in 1930s when our national leaders came under the influence of socialist philosophy. India’s Five year plans were very much impressed by the rapid strides achieved by the USSR through five years plans. In 1934, Sir M. Visvesvaraya had published a book titled “Planned Economy in India”, in which he presented a constructive draft of the development of India in next ten years. His core idea was to lay out a plan to shift labor from agriculture to industries and double up National income in ten years. This was the first concrete scholarly work towards planning. The economic perspective of India’s freedom movement was formulated during the thirties between the 1931 Karachi session of Indian National Congress, 1936 Faizpur session of India National Congress. Contents National Planning Committee Bombay Plan People’s Plan Gandhian Plan Sarvodaya Plan Planning and Development Department Planning Advisory Board Planning Commission National Development Council National Planning Committee The first attempt to develop a national plan for India came up in 1938. In that year, Congress President Subhash Chandra Bose had set up a National Planning Committee with Jawaharlal Nehru as its president. However the reports of the committee could not be prepared and only for the first time in 1948 -49 some papers came out. Bombay Plan In 1944 Eight Industrialists of Bombay viz. Mr. JRD Tata, GD Birla, Purshottamdas Thakurdas, Lala Shriram, Kasturbhai Lalbhai, AD Shroff , Ardeshir Dalal, & John Mathai working together prepared “A Brief Memorandum Outlining a Plan of Economic Development for India”. This is known as “Bombay Plan”. This plan envisaged doubling the per capita income in 15 years and tripling the national income during this period. Nehru did not officially accept the plan, yet many of the ideas of the plan were inculcated in other plans which came later. People’s Plan People’s plan was drafted by MN Roy. This plan was for ten years period and gave greatest priority to Agriculture. Nationalization of all agriculture and production was the main feature of this plan. This plan was based on Marxist socialism and drafted by M N Roy on behalf of the Indian federation of Lahore. Gandhian Plan This plan was drafted by Sriman Nayaran, principal of Wardha Commercial College. It emphasized the economic decentralization with primacy to rural development by developing the cottage industries. Sarvodaya Plan Sarvodaya Plan (1950) was drafted by Jaiprakash Narayan. This plan itself was inspired by Gandhian Plan and Sarvodaya Idea of Vinoba Bhave. This plan emphasized on agriculture and small & cottage industries. It also suggested the freedom from foreign technology and stressed upon land reforms and decentralized participatory planning. Planning and Development Department In August 1944, The British India government set up “Planning and Development Department” under the charge of Ardeshir Dalal. But this department was abolished in 1946. Planning Advisory Board In October 1946, a planning advisory board was set up by Interim Government to review the plans and future projects and make recommendations upon them.

Vikas Kumar Singh Tomar
Faculty of GA&GS in Delhi Since 2010.Selected in LIC(ADO),BankPO,CGL.2 Times Mains in CSE.Founder:-GovtJobsAcademy @Youtube/Telegram/FB/Web.

U
Unacademy user
In case of 116, how do we determine that we should find Sq of 6 which is 36 or 16 which is as said 256? Bit confusing 😕
NG
sir i have a ques how can i remember all these dates as u knw there are so many dates in history in every subject I knw this is very stupid ques but pls sir 😟
Yahan kaise samjhaoon 🤔
such a confidence boosting lecture ! thanks a tonne sir
M
thank you sir great job
  1. PRESENTED BY THAKUR VIKAS TOMAR AT PRESENT- FACULTY OF G.S. IN MUKHARJEE NAGAR EXAMS QUALIFIED-UPSC (PRE+MAINS)UPPSC EDUCATIONAL QUALIFICATION- NEW DELHI erms SSC,BANK PO ,LIC etc. # NPA MUDRA Bm GRADUATION-BBA POST GRADUATION PGDMM(A.M.U) M.A(ECONOMICS) M.COM PURSUING LLB 06z # ue TEACHING EXPERIENCE 8+Years) unacabem KD CAMPUS,CAREER POWER PIONEER,MAHENDRA ETC My Unacademy Profile https://unacademy.com/user/VikasThakur@05


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  3. . WHAT IS PLANNINGG PLANNING COMISSION NDC STATE PLANNING BOARD PLANNING & NITI AAYOG . ALL PLANS STRUCTURE . 12TH FIVE YEAR PLAN NITI AAYOG


  4. WHAT IS PLANNING? "Maximum utilization of minimum resources is known as planning." GOAL EXECUTE STRATEGIZE ENVISION SOLUTION IDENTIFY PROBLEM


  5. M. Visvesvaraiya Planned economy for India Maximum utilization of minimum 1934 resources 2 1944 Bombay Plan Sri Mannaarayan Gandhian Plan Before Independence 1944 Mr. MN Rai 1945 Peoples Plan


  6. Planning Committee Sarvodaya Plan Jai Prakash Narayan Planning Commission 1947 1950 After Independence 1950 1951 First 5 Year Plan 1952 National Development Council


  7. ECONOMIC PLANING IN INDIA AND NITI AAYOG Planning Commission Government of India What is Planing 35 Maximum utilization of minimum resources is known as planning." The concept of Economic Planning in India, is derived from Russia (then USSR). Planning in ind ia In India planning started with Mr. Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya wrote a book named "Planned Economy for India", in 1934. in 1938, National Planning Commission was set up under the chairmanship ofLLNehru But it's recommendation could not be implemented because of 2nd World War. Note National Planning Committee The first attempt to develop a national plan for India came up in 1938. In that year, Congress President Subhash Chandra Bose had set up a National Planning Committee with Jawaharlal Nehru as its presideat. However the reports of the committee could not be prepared and only for the first e in 1948-49 some papers came out


  8. In the Year 1944, 8 Industrialists of Bombay Presented a well Organized plan named "Bombay plan" Note In 1944 Eight Industrialists of Bombay viz. Mr. JRD Tata, GD Birla, Purshottandas Thakurdas, Lala Shriran, Kasturbhai Lalbhai, AD Shroff Ardeshir Dalal, & John Mathai working together prepared "A Brief Memorandum Outlining a Plan of Econonic Development for India". This is known as "Bombay Plan" This plan envisaged doubling the per capita income in 15 years and tripling the national income during this period. Nehru did not officially accept the plan, yet many of the ideas of the plan were inculcated in other plans which came later. >Inthe year 1944.sn Mannanarayan presented"Gandhianplan Note This plan was drafted by Sriman Nayaran, principal of Wardha Commercial College. It emphasized the economiccenalizaticn with primacy to nural development by developing the cottage industries. 1915,M MN Raisntedeplsplai s Note Plan People's plan was drafted by MN Roy. This plan was for ten years period and gave greatest priority to Agriculhune. Nationalization of all agriculture and production was the main feature of this plan. This plan was based on Marxist socialism and drafted by M N Roy on behalf of the Indian federation of Lahore.


  9. In 1950,SriJai Prakash Narayan presented 'Sarvodaya plan Note Sarvodaya Plan (1950) was drafed by Jaiprakash Narayan. This plan itself was inspired by Gandhian Plan and Sarvodaya Idea of Vinoba Bhave. This plan emphasized on agriculhure and small& cottage industries. It also suggested the freedom from foreign technology and stressed upon land refoms and decentralized participatory planning. r After independence in 1947, the committee on economic planning was constituted under the chaimanship of Jawaharlal Nehu. Thereafter, on the recommendation of this conmite, Planning Commission was constituted, On March 15,1950 and the fonat of first Five Year Plan was prepared in 1951. [On the recommendation of K.C. Niyogi Committe] The fist vice chai of planning comission was Gulan al nanda and last was Montek singh ahluwaliya.


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