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Generan Knowiedpe for XAT
The stagnation in the agricultural sector under the Colonial government was caused mainly because of (a) Systems of land settlement (b) Lack of irrigational facilities (c) Migration of people to the cities (d) Industrialization of India 141
Consider the following statements 1.The cotton textile mills, mainly dominated by Foreigners, were located in the western parts of the country, namely, Maharashtra and Gujarat. 2. The jute mills dominated by the Indians and were mainly concentrated in Bengal Which of the above statements are correct? (a only (b) 2 only (c Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2 142
Solution: d. The cotton textile mills, mainly dominated by indians, were located in the western parts of the country; namely, Maharashtra and Gujarat, while the jute mills dominated by the foreigners were mainly concentrated in Bengal
The Tata Iron and Steel Company (TISCO) was incorporated in (a) 1907 (b) 1911 (c) 1913 (d) 1919 143
Solution: Tata Iron and Steel Company was established by Dorabji Tata on August 26, 1907, as part of his father Jamsetji's Tata Group. a.
Which among the following is the part of the capital goods industry? (a) Dump trucks (b) Personal cars (c) Natural resources (d) Human intellect 14-4
Solution: a. Dump trucks are considered capital goods, because they are used by construction and manufacturing companies to haul various materials in order to make other products such as roads, bridges, dams, and buildings.
hich of the following activities do not come under the Quaternary Sector? (a) Scientific research (b) Information technology (c) Education (d) Media 146
Solution: b. The opening of the Suez Canal further intensified British control over India's foreign trade as it reduced the time of travel between England and India considerably.
Solution: c. The most important characteristic of India's foreign trade throughout the colonial period was the generation of a large export surplus. However, this export surplus did not result in any flow of gold or silver into India.
For what purpose was the payment from India's exports was NOT used by the British government? (a) Expenses on war (b) Expenses incurred by an office set up by the colonial government in Britain (c) Construction of Railways (d) Recarch and Development in Agriculture 149
Solution: d. The export surplus was used to make payments for the expenses incurred by an office set up by the colonial government in Britain, expenses on war, again fought by the British government, and the import of invisible items, all of which led to the drain of Indian wealth
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