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NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT GUIDLINES 1. Management of Flood 2008 2. Management of Cyclones 2008 3. Management of Earthquakes 2010 4. Management of Tsunamis 2010 5. Hospital Safety 2016 6. Boat Safety 2017
Management of Cyclones India has a coastline of 7,516 km, of which 5,700 km are prone to cyclones of various degrees. About eight per cent of the Country's area and one-third of it's population live in 13 coastal states and UTs who are, thus vulnerable to cyclone related disasters. Loss of lives, livelihood opportunities, damage to public and private property and severe damage to infrastructure are the resultant consequences, which can disrupt the process of development These guidelines call for a participatory approach involving all stakeholder groups to strengthen the national vision of moving towards a more proactive pre-disaster preparedness and mitigation-centric approach Guideline-Overview These guidelines are divided in the following segments: 1 Early Warning Systems 2. Warning: Communication and Dissemination 3. Structural Mitigation Measures 4. Management of Coastal Zones 5. Awareness Generation 6. Disaster Risk Management and Capacity Development 7. Response
Enhancement of Observational Network The following enhancements will be carried out in respect of different types of observational network: 1. Early establishment of planned Automatic Weather Stations (AWS) and Rain-gauge Network. 2. Establishment of at least one High Wind Speed Recorder and one surge recorder for each coastal district, vulnerable to cyclones (on priority basis). 3. Enhancement of a Doppler Weather Radar Network over coastal regions at an interval of 300 km along the coast Ocean-Based Observations; Enhancement of ocean observations involving ships of opportunity, Coast Guard vessels and Indian Naval Ships; off-shore oil platforms and Islands. Space-Based Observations; Ensure the operational service of at least two geostationary satellites over Indian seas at any given point of time especially during cyclone months. Unmanned Aerial Vehicle ; Considering its vast coastline, India will develop and utilize UAV capabilities for surveillance and prediction of Tropical Cyclones (TCs). 4. 5. 6.
Forecasting of Tropical Cyclones Track and intensity forecasts will be improved by using state-of-the-art, multi-layer meso-scale models with real time inputs of data from satellites and ground-based radar systems. To predict the time of onset of severe weather and storm surges at specific locations, detailed knowledge of the wind and precipitation structure of the TC (e.g., TC size, gale wind radius) have to be known besides the forecast track. Weather portals will be developed and deployed by IMD with full interface with cellular service providers and broadcasters to deliver weather warning services on radio, T.V. and mobile phones. Buildings: Cyclone Shelters The cyclone shelter is primarily designed to shelter people and sometimes even cattle, during cyclones However, it will be utilised as a multipurpose community facility all through the year so as to avoid deterioration of the building by not using it during non-cyclone periods. Coastal villages/habitations prone to frequent cyclone impact that do not have any suitable safe shelters will identify and reserve a suitable place to construct cyclone shelters, even if the actual construction is taken up at a later stage.
Disaster Risk Management and Mitigation Digital Elevation Models (DEMs) are to be developed for micro-scale delineation of cyclone risk, hazard and vulnerability. Augmentation of additional surveys by the Census Commissioner will be carried out for generating household, disaster specific attribute data. Establishing a comprehensive Cyclone Disaster Management Information System (CDMIS) covering all phases of DM to provide on-line services to the departments of Disaster Management in the states. Specifying the roles and responsibilities of the State Disaster Management Departments in institutionalising Cyclone Risk Mitigation with Developmental Planning Cyclone risk mitigation demands a close and simultaneous coordination among the target audience at: 1 Household Level: especially women, children, elderly and disabled. Community Level: civil defence groups, women's Self Help Groups (SHGs) etc., youth clubs and other social, cultural organisations and NGOs, 2. 3. Institutional Level: educational institutions and district/local level authorities.
Management of Coastal Zones A holistic approach to Coastal Zone Management (CZM), including precautionary measures like proper planning of the coastal areas for locating communities and infrastructure in safer areas, protecting and restoring natural bio-shields etc., can minimise loss of life and damage to property to a considerable extent. Mangrove forests constitute one such mechanism for safeguarding the ecological security of coastal areas and the livelihood security of fishing and farming communities living in the coastal zone Generate awareness about the significance of protecting mangroves and shelterbelts surrounding the vulnerable habitations, for protecting coastal communities from the fury of cyclones, coastal storms, tidal waves and tsunamis. Monitoring coastal shelterbelt plantations will be taken up on a regular and continuous basis. The use of remote sensing and other management options will be appropriately employed. Protection of shelterbelt plantation can be hampered by inappropriate ecotourism activities and consumption of forest reserves.
Awareness Generation Awareness generation will become a mandatory component of DM plans of all ministries of Gol and the concerned line departments of coastal states and Uts Sensitising the community about cyclone risk would be an important plank of the CBDM strategy. The mitigation aspects of the disaster need to be clearly identified and disseminated Imparting knowledge regarding the do's and don'ts during actual response to disasters is a major challenge. Further, communities need to be sensitised about the importance of bio-shields, construction of shelters, ownership by and involvement of communities in the management and maintenance of the shelters and the amenities therein. Expanding the warning dissemination outreach by using the services of Direct-ToHome (DTH) transmission in remote and rural areas (Panchayats) which cannot be otherwise covered, to introduce weather channel and broadcast cyclone warnings from high-power coastal radio stations including the use of satellite radio service like World Space, Ham radios, community radio and other network. Develop mock drills to ensure a well prepared community response infrastructure with well defined roles and responsibilities of various stakeholders
Response Developing and implementing an effective Emergency Response Platform (ERP) requires sufficient preparedness with the contributions from all stakeholders and responder institutions. NGOs, including voluntary organizations, will have to play a critical role in raising awareness among individuals and organisations involved in ERP at the community level. Organise the required tools and machinery for search and rescue operations, clearing of road blocks by fallen trees, debris, etc. Ensure the availability of necessary maintenance resources for the restoration and sustenance of essential services Lessons learned from the experience of the past disaster responses need to be incorporated into response strategies. Medical treatment kits need to be prepared for the management of cyclone casualties