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FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES -LIST M. DEEPIKA REDDY HYDERABAD
LIST OF FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES Article 51 A: It shall be the duty of every citizen of India a) To abide by the constitution and respect its ideals and institution, the National flag and the National anthem. Note: The Prevention of Insults toNational Honours Act 1971 prevents disrespect to the Constitution of India, the national flag and the national anthem.
LIST OF FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES b) To cherish and follow the noble ideals that inspired the National struggle for freedom. c) To uphold and protect the Sovereignty, unity and integrity of India. d) To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so.
LIST OF FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES e) To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic and National or sectional diversities and to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women. "Yatra naryastu pujyante, ramante tatra devata" meaning Gods reside there where women are worshipped'.
LIST OF FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES The various criminal laws that are in force to provide for punishments for encouraging enmity between different sections of people on grounds of language, race place of birth, religion and so, on include 1. The Protection of Civil Rights Act 1955 2. The IPC declares the imputations and assertions, prejudicial to national integration as punishable offences.
LIST OF FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES 3. The Unlawful Activities Prevention Act 1967, provides for the declaration of communal organization as unlawful association. 4. The Representation of People Act 1951, provides for the disqualification of members of the parliament or state legislature for indulging in corrupt practices i.e., soliciting votes on the ground of religion or promoting enmity between different sections of people on grounds of caste, race, religion, language and so on.
LIST OF FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES 5. The Criminal Law Amendment Act 2013, famously known as the Nirbhaya Act lists the offences against women and punishments for the offences. punish mernis or he and
LIST OF FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES f) To value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture. g) To protect and improve the natural environment including forest, lakes, rivers and wildlife and to have compassion for living creatures. - "Sarvesham Shantir Bhavatu" meaning 'peace unto all living beings and the entire environment'
Acts that give effect to this Fundamental Duty includes: The Wild Life Protection Act 1972, prohibits trade in rare and endangered species. The Forest Conservation Act 1980 checks indiscriminate deforestation and diversion of forest land for non-forest purposes.
LIST OF FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES h) To develop scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform. i) To safeguard public property and to abjure violence "Ahimsa parmodharmaha Ahimsa paramotapaha" meaning non-violence is the greatest duty and the greatest penance
FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES AND UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS The Fundamental Duties enshrined in Article 51A are in conformity with article 29(1) of the universal declaration of Human Rights by United Nations which says "everyone has duties to the community in which alone the free and full development of the personality is possible"