Deepika Reddy Magham is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES - COMMITTEES M. DEEPIKA REDDY HYDERABAD
COMMITTEES-FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES 1. Sardar Swaran Singh Committee 2. Verma Committee
SARDAR SWARAN SINGH COMMITTEE appointed in 1976 by the then Congress Government under the Prime - Ministership of Mrs. Indira Gandhi to recommend on Fundamental Duties
NEED FOR THE COMMITTEE As stated by the then Prime Minister "the moral value of fundamental duties would be not to smoother rights but to establish a democratic balance by making the people conscious of their duties equally as they are conscious of their rights."
RECOMMENDATIONS inclusion of Fundamental Duties as a separate part in the Constitution. to include the duty to pay taxes to make fundamental duties justiciable
VERMA COMMITTEE ON FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES - appointed by the Human Resource Development Ministry, Government of India - in 1999 - to to work out a strategy as well as methodology of operationalizing a countrywide programme for teaching fundamental duties in every educationa institution as a measure of inservice training
OBSERVATIONS 1. Prevention of Insults to National Honour Act, 1971 2. The Emblems and Names (Prevention of Improper Use) Act 1950 3. Flag Code of India, made available to all the State Governments, and Union territory Administration (UTs).
OBSERVATIONS 4. Representation of People's Act declares that soliciting of vote on the ground of religion and the promotion or attempt to promote feelings of enmity or hatred between different classes of citizens of India on the grounds of religion, race, caste, community or language is a corrupt practice 5. The protection of Civil Rights Act (1955) 6. The Wildlife (Protection) Act of 1972 7. The Forest (Conservation) Act of 1980
RECOMMENDATIONS duty to vote at elections duty to actively participate in the democratic process of governance - duty to pay taxes should be included in Article 51A of the Constitution