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THE HINDU The Hindu killer Series for UPSC 2019 June 2018 - Weekly Magazine Presented by Ashna Sisodia THE HINDUU THEHINDU olved. NCS vetey tw GST stalemate res rollout deferred to July 1
ASHNA SISODIA Verified Educator at Unacademy and teaching since October 2016 Appeared in UPSC CSE Mains 2017 and scored 140 marks in Essay and 110 each in GS Paper 2 and 3 each. . Scored 125+ in Prelims 2017 From Chandigarh, India and CSE Btech from UIET . Courses Made so Far India Yearbook 2016, 2017and 2018 Learning maps quickly in 25 Lessons Current Affairs Course on Env, Internal Security and Social Issues Crash Course on Geography, History and International Organizations - Course on Polity Part V, PRIs and International Relations https://unacademy.com/user/AshnaSisodia
Governor's rule in J&K why in news? The state of Jammu and Kashmir is all set to see a governor's rule following the sudden break in ties between BJP and PDP and subsequent resignation of chief minister Mehbooba Mufti What's so special about this? states In other states, the president's rule is imposed under the Article 356 of Constitution of India. In J&K governor's rule is mentioned under Article 370 section 92-' Provisions in case of failure of constitutional machinery in the State. .
Article 370 section 92: Provisions in case of failure of constitutional machinery in the State: .If at any time, the Governor is satisfied that a situation has arisen in which the Government of the State cannot be carried on in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution, the Govenor may by Proclamation- Assume to himself all or any of the functions of the Government of the State and all or any of the powers vested in or exercisable by anybody or authority in the State. Make such incidental and consequential provisions as appear to the Governor to be necessary or desirable for giving effect to the objects of the Proclamation, including provisions for suspending in whole or in part the operation of any provision of this Constitution relating to anybody or authority in the State Any such Proclamation may be revoked or varied by a subsequent Proclamation Any such Proclamation whether varied under subsection (2) or not, shall except where it is a Proclamation revoking a previous Proclamation, cease to operate on the expiration of six months from the date on which it was first issued
. If the Government or by a Proclamation under his section assumes, to himself any, of the powers of the Legislature to make his laws, any law made by him in the exercise of that power shall, subject to, the terms there of continue to have effect until two years have elapsed from the date on which the proclamation ceases to have effect, unless sooner No Proclamation under this section shall, except where it is a Proclamation revoking a previous Proclamation, be laid before each House of the Legislature as soon as it is convened
What is President's Rule in the Indian context? .The imposition of Article 356 of the Constitution on a State following the failure of constitutional machinery is called President's Rule in India .Once the President's Rule has been imposed on a state, the elected state government will be temporarily dissolved, and the Governor, who is appointed by the government at the Centre will replace the Chief Minister as the chief executive of the State. The state will fall under the direct control of the Union government, and the Governor will continue to be head the proceedings, representing the President of India - who is the Head of the State. The imposition of the President's rule requires the sanction of both the houses of Parliament . If approved, it can go on for a period of six months. However, the imposition cannot be extended for more than three years, and needs to be brought before the two houses every six months for approval
National targets for off-shore wind power Why in news? To give confidence to wind industry, Government has declared national targets for off-shore wind power. The targets: Medium target of 5 GW by 2022. Long term target of 30 GW by 2030. Significance of the move: . Offshore wind power would add a new element to the already existing basket of renewable energy for the country.
Why off- shore wind farming is beneficiali? .The offshore wind faming is attractive because of several reasons such as stronger winds for efficient generation of power; no impact on real estate value of land as in case of onshore wind farming; its ability to fulfil the demand of the heavily populated coastal regions and no significant environment costs. Challenges: .It is difficult to install large wind power turbines in open seas. Offshore wind turbines are of much larger di mensions and capacities than onshore turbines. The PLF (plant load factor) of off-shore wind turbines will be higher than the on-shore projects . The cost per MW of offshore wind power project will be higher by 50-100% as compared to on-shore projects depending on the water depth. Further deep sea wind farms come with the challenges of assigning no-go areas for commercial shipping There would be a need to devise new lanes, proper lightning for ships to pass on.
National Off-Shore Wind Policy: . The Ministry of New & Renewable Energy had notified National Off-Shore Wind Policy in October 2015 to realize the offshore wind power potential in the country . With this, the Ministry of New & Renewable Energy (MNRE) has been authorized as the Nodal Ministry for use of offshore areas within the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of the country and the National Institute of Wind Energy (NIWE) has been authorized as the Nodal Agency for development of offshore wind energy. Government has paved way for development of the offshore wind farms up to the seaward distance of 200 Nautical Miles (within its Exclusive Economic Zone) from the base line.
Way ahead: . India is making significant progress in the development of the onshore wind power plants. However, so far progress in the offshore wind power generation has been almost nil. Since India has more than 7600 Kilometres of coast, the prospects of development of offshore wind power are very bright. . At global level, it has been observed that, offshore wind energy while being better than onshore wind in terms of efficiency is also becoming competitive and comparable in terms of tariffs. With the introduction of the National Offshore Wind Energy Policy, India is trying to replicate the success of the onshore wind power development in the offshore wind power development. .
About NMEICT . The National Mission on Education through Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has been envisaged as Schea Centrally Sponsoredme to leverage the potential of ICT, in teaching and learning process for the benefit of all the learners in Higher Education Institutions in any time anywhere mode . The Mission has two major components- providing connectivity, along with provision for access devices, to institutions and learners; and content generation The Mission aims to extend computer infrastructure and connectivity to over 25000 colleges and 2000 polytechnics in the country including each of the departments of 419 universities/deemed universities and institutions of national importance as a part of its motto to provide connectivity up to last mile. LAN of up to 400 nodes on average has also been envisaged to be provided to the universities under the NMEICT scheme The Mission, in addition to utilize the connectivity network of service providers, shall explore the possibility to provide connectivity utilizing Very Small Aperture Terminal (VSAT), Virtual Private Network (VPN) and EduSat channels.
International Decade for Action: Water for Sustainable Development, 2018-2028 Why in news? . Republic of Tajikistan and United Nations are jointly organizing a high-level Conference on "International Decade for Action: Water for Sustainable Development, 2018-2028". . The Conference will discuss key water related issues of sustainable development goals adopted by UN member countries. International Decade for Action on Water for Sustainable Development, 2018-2028: . In order to accelerate efforts towards meeting water-related challenges, the United Nations General Assembly declared 2018-2028 as the International Decade for Action "Water for Sustainable Development". . The Water Action Decade commenced on World Water Day, 22 March 2018, and will end on World Water Day, 22 March 2028.
Social media communication hub Why in news? . Public sector firm Broadcast Engineering Consultants India Ltd., which is supposed to be handling the Social media communication hub project, has extended the last date for tenders. This is the fourth time the date has been extended. What is Social media communication hub? The hub proposes to monitor social media (Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and even email) handles at the very local level in multiple languages to carry out "sentiment analysis", track down the influence-making social media users and to categorise the conversations on social media into positive, negative and neutral sections. It also aimed to track real time the way social media receives news on government's schemes and announcements and also political events.
Social media managers: .As per the proposal, the project is meant to strengthen the social media division and recruit al media managers to be deployed in 712 districts of the country. Each district will have one social media manager who will be entrusted with the tasks of keeping a close eye on the regional and local media, collecting data of regional media and of local events, providing content for social media and supporting media units at the regional level for social media publicity. . Role of social media managers: These social media managers will also monitor local editions of newspapers, local cable channels, local audio channels (FM) and key local social media handles for important local developments They will make a daily analysis report incorporating local sentiments to be sent to region head in the PIB as well as the media hub (command centre)
Concerns: The proposal to set up such a hub had turned controversial, as many called it an indirect measure to "snoop" on and influence voters.