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THE HINDU The Hindu killer Series for UPSC 2019 June 2018 - Weekly Magazine Presented by Ashna Sisodia THE HINDUU THEHINDU olved. NCS vetey tw GST stalemate res rollout deferred to July 1
ASHNA SISODIA Verified Educator at Unacademy and teaching since October 2016 Appeared in UPSC CSE Mains 2017 and scored 140 marks in Essay and 110 each in GS Paper 2 and 3 each. . Scored 125+ in Prelims 2017 From Chandigarh, India and CSE Btech from UIET . Courses Made so Far India Yearbook 2016, 2017and 2018 Learning maps quickly in 25 Lessons Current Affairs Course on Env, Internal Security and Social Issues Crash Course on Geography, History and International Organizations - Course on Polity Part V, PRIs and International Relations https://unacademy.com/user/AshnaSisodia
WEEK 2-( 11 JUNE-18 JUNE) IIDIT THE HINDU Stay Ahead of The Times
Bankim Chandra Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues. (Paper 1) Why in news? . The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in West Bengal is planning to celebrate the achievements of Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay
Bankim Chandra-important contributions: . Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay wrote the national song Vande Mataram The 19th century author's novel Anandamath- which was set in the background of the Sanyashi Bidroho (rebellion of monks in late 18th century) is considered to be one of key works on Bengal's nationalism . His first Bengali fiction is called 'Durgeshnondini published in 1865. . He also wrote other famous novels like Kapalkundala in 1866, Mrinalini in, 1869, Vishbriksha in 1873, Chandrasekhar in 1877, Rajani in 1877, Rajsimha in 1881 and Devi Chaudhurani in 1884. He brought out a monthly magazine called Bangadarshan in 187.
U.K. Women Celebrate 100 Years of Voting Rights Topic: Women related issues. Why in news? June 10, 2018, marked 100 years since the first women won the right to vote. in Britain. Background: .The Representation of the People Act, 1918 qranted property-owninq British women over age 30 the right to vote. tu
Vigilance commissioner Paper 2: Topic: Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies. Why in news? Former NIA chief Sharad Kumar is the new vigilance commissioner for a term of four years or till he attains the age of 65. KV Chondary Cestral
About CVC . It is the apex vigilance institution. .It was created via executive resolution (based on the recommendations of Santhanam committee) in 1964 but was conferred with statutory status in 2003. . It submits its report to the President of India, . Composition: Presently, the body consists of central vigilance commissioner along with 2 vigilance commissioners. .Appointment: They are appointed by the President of India on the recommendations of a committee consisting of Prime Minister, Union Home Minister and Leader of the Opposition in Lok Sabha (if there is no LoP then the leader of the single largest Opposition party in the Lok Sabha)
Term: Their term is 4 years or 65 years, whichever is earlier. Removal: The Central Vigilance Commissioner or any Vigilance Commissioner can be removed from his office only by order of the President on the ground of proved misbehavior or incapacity after the Supreme Court, on a reference made to it by the President, has, on inquiry, reported that the Central Vigilance Commissioner or any Vigilance Commissioner, as the case may be, ought to be removed . Removal (2 cond) Proned
Lateral entry into Civil Services .Topic: Role of civil services in a democracy Why in news ? . In an apparent bid to bring in expertise from the private sector individuals and infuse talent into the country's bureaucracy, the government has invited "outstanding individuals" to join the government at the joint secretary level at the Centre. In this regard, the Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT) has invited applications for 10 senior level positions in the Departments of Economic Affairs, Revenue, Commerce and Highways among others.
Need for alter entry in civil services: . Shortfall in numbers: overall 20% shortfall of IAS cadre officers alone in 24 state cadres. The Baswan Committee (2016) has shown how large states such as Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan have a deficit of 75 to over 100 officers their unwillingness to sponsor officers to go to the Centre on deputation is . Target oriented inprove the perfomang of the govermnent. understandable. more competition will encourage career civil servants to develop expertise in areas of their choice Improved governance: The conventional wisdom on lateral entry is that it infuses fresh energy and thinking into an insular, complacent and often archaic bureaucracy It enables the entry of right-minded professionals and the adoption of best practices for improving governance.
Why in news ? Scientists from ISRO have spotted for the first time a distant planet six times bigger than Earth and revolving around a Sun-like star about 600 light years away. Key facts: The planet has been named EPIC 211945201b (or K2-236b). The host star is named EPIC 211945201 or K2-236. - The planet is smaller in size than Saturn and bigger than Neptune. Its mass is about 27 times Earth's and six times that of Earth at radius. The scientists estimate that over 60% of its mass could be made up of heavy elements like ice, silicates and iron. With this discovery India has joined a handful of countries which have discovered planets around stars. - The discovery was made using a PRL-designed spectrograph, PARAS, to measure and confirm the mass of the new planet.
Insolvency Code why in news 2 Recently, President Ram Nath Kovind gave his nod to promulgate the Insolvency and Bankruptcy code (Amendment) Ordinance 2018. Significant changes introduced: introducmnnt) ordinalnce Homebuyers as financial creditors: on par with banks, with the power to initiate insolvency proceedings against errant builders. Homebuyers shall have the right to be represented in the committee of creditors (CoC), which takes the key decision regarding revival of the company or its liquidation. Definition of a related party: The amendment now defines related party in relation to an individual running the firm and they would be barred from bidding for the firm under the resolution process.
Changes in voting share of committee of CoC: For extending the insolvency process beyond 180 days till 270 days and for appointment of the resolution professional (who oversees the process), now a voting shar sufficient, compared with earlier requirement of 75% Unless a specific approval is required in the Code, all other decisions of the CoC can be taken with 51% voting share against the earlier norm of 75%. Withdrawal from the insolvency process is permitted with the approval of 90% of votin share of the CoC e of 66% If a financial creditor is a related party: If a financial creditor (banks and other financial institution) or his authorised representative is a related party to the company facing insolvency, it shall not have an participation or voting during a meeting of the CoC However, exemption is provided in case the financial creditor has become a related party on account of conversion or substitution of debt to equity shares or instruments convertible into equity shares prior to the date of commencement of insolvency proceedings.
Moratorium period: Now the amendment has said that the moratorium is not available to persons who provided guarantee for the loans availed by the corporate debtor. Tenure of an insolvency resolution professional. Under the insolvency process, an interim resolution professional (IRP) is appointed first and then, a resolution professional. As per the amendment, the tenure of the IRP would continue till the appointment of the resolution professional (RP), compared with the earlier 30-day fixed tenure. Also, for the appointment of the RP, a written consent from the professional is required in a specified format.