Summary of Themes in Indian History-l By- Yasmin Gill
About me .Yasmin Gill .BE(EEE) from UIET,PU .Qualified for UPSC Mains 2015 in 1st attempt State rank 24 in Punjab Civil Services 2015 Stood 10th at State Level in Young Genius Awards conducted by NSTSE
Kings , farmers and towns Towns and trade . North Black Polished Ware- Fine . Probably used by rich people pottery with GLOSSY finish Guilds/shrenis were organizations of merchants Land as well as river routes for trade Spices, mainly pepper, in huge demand in Roman Empire .
Kings , farmers and towns Coins and kings . Punch-marked coins made of silver and copper Named so as symbols punched on them 1st coins to bear names & images of rulers- Indo-Greeks- NW India 1st gold coins- Kushanas Coins by Parthian rulers of Iran have been found in parts of N.India and C.Asia Hoards of Roman coins found from S.India Coins even issued by tribal republics such as Yaudheyas of Punjab and Haryana- Copper coins Most spectacular gold coins- By Gupta rulers . . .
Kings , farmers and towns From 6th century CE, finds of gold coins taper off. Why? . Some say that due to collapse of Western Roman Empire, long distance trade declined Others say that it wasn't total decline and new towns did emerge They say though count of coins was fewer, coins continued to be mentioned in inscriptions, texts etc. .
Kings , farmers and towns Additional points Jatakas were stories composed in Pali Epigraphy is study of INSCRIPTIONS INSCRIPTIONS- Writings engraved on HARD surfaces-stone, metal Earliest inscriptions were in Prakrit Language of Kharoshtiinscriptions was Prakrit Most Asokan inscriptions in PRAKRIT language, BRAHMI script . . Some in NW India- KHAROSHTI SCRIPT Afghanistan- ARAMAIC & GREEK scripts and languages Most scripts of modern Indian languages - derived from Brah script
Kings , farmers and towns Harshacharita- Biography of Harshavardhana, ruler of Kanauj Composed in SANSKRIT by court-poet BANABHATTA Votive Inscriptions- Those that record gifts made to religious institutions
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