Roman Saini is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
INDIA'S INTERNAL SECURITY CHALLENGES Presented By ROMAN SAINI
Security: Meaning The term "Security" refers to national security or the absence of threat to the state, internal or external. The term may also refer to human security in which case it would include the absence of physical threat to an individual from organized violence. It may also expand to include traditional developmental concepts like food security, health security and employment security In this context, Internal security has been defined as the act of keeping peace within the borders of a sovereign state or other self-governing territories, generally by upholding the national law and defending against internal security threats.
Introduction(1/2) A nation may face threats in a number of ways. A majority of these emanate from internal weaknesses. In the present world scenario the failure of internal security is the main factor for degradation and instability. The rise of contentious politics based on sectarian, ethnic, linguistic and other divisive criteria, is primarily responsible for the many communal and secessionist movements flourishing in India . . The inherent challenges were posed by the increasing polarisation of social structure and negative social trends. For e.g., unstable government, intragroup rivalries, factionalism, criminalisation of politics, etc.
Introduction(2/2) The presence of unfriendly neighbours enables the internal conflicts to get external support. The internal turmoil allures and invites the external elements to weaken the State. The vested interests exploit these conditions to pursue their own agenda. They give ideological support to exasperate this sense of grievance to such an extent that a small minority are willing to become tools in their hands to subvert the stability and security of the country. When a State fails to address the external factors it loses its capacity to control the deluge. Therefore, the fine linkage of internal security with the external factors makes the situation difficult to tackle with the conventional law and order approach to meet the challenge of internal security threat. .
Indian Scenario(1/2) India is a country marked by enormous diversity, a multitude of cultures, languages, castes, tribes and religious communities, with wide economic disparities and varied levels of political engagement. . To keep the nation intact, and to do this without compromising on peace, justice, autonomy and ethics, was a major challenge There were claims for ownership of India, to belong and be seen to belong, and therefore be offered a fair share of India's resources. India witnessed numerous competing assertions of identity, for inclusion or autonomy, sometimes even for secession. There have also been efforts to turn away from India, to disown India and claim autonomy or independence.
Indian Scenario(2/2) India's geo-political situation, neighborhood factor, historical experience with long and treacherous borders and long maritime boundaries make it highly vulnerable to external threats. . On the other side its communal, caste, linguistic and ethnic fault lines, economic deprivation, political conflicts and turmoil provide opportunity for external forces to endanger the internal security of the country This scenario, has taken a turn for the worse in the last two decades. Such problems of internal security become difficult to deal within the frame work of law and order without considering the supreme security interest of the country