Indian State Forest Report 2017 By Chetan Gaurav
About ISFR ISFR is a biennial publication of Forest Survey of India, an organization under MoEFCC. ISFR 2017 is the 15th report since 1987. It provides state wise and district (633) wise forest cover. It provides the estimates of Growing stock within and outside the forest areas Special thematic information on forest cover in hill, tribal & NE states Carbon Sink Bamboo Mangrove cover
About ISFR It considers all tress with canopy density over 10% having an extent of more than 1 Ha area of land including bamboos, orchards etc. within recorded forest, private, community or institutional lands.
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New About the Report The report for the first time contains the following Information on decadal change in water bodies in forest during 2005-2015 About Forest fire Production of timber from outside forest area State wise carbon stock in different forest types and density classes
Classification of Forest Cover Very Dense (Canopy Density > 70%) * Moderate Dense (Canopy Density 40% to 70%) Open Forest (Canopy Density 10% to 40%) Scrub: Degraded forest lands (Canopy density <10%) Non-forest Lands not included in above classes
% of Forest Cover Class Area (sq km) Very Dense Forest Moderately Dense Forest Open Forest Total Forest Cover* Scrub Non-Forest Total Geographic Area "Includes 4,921 sq km under Mangrove Cover Percentage rounded off 98,158 3,08,318 3,01,797 7,08,273 45,979 25,33,217 32,87,469 Percent of Geographic Area 2.99 9.38 9.18 21.54 1.40 77.06 100.00
% of Forest Cover The total forest and tree cover is 24.39 per cent of TGA of the country (including the forest cover of 21.54%). Tree Cover-24.39-21.54 2.85%. An increase of 8021 sq.km (about 80.20 million hectare) in the total forest (6778 sq.km increase is in forest cover) and tree cover (1243 sq.km in tree cover.) of the country as compared to the previous assessment in 2015. The increase in forest cover is maximum in Very Dense Forest followed by increase in Open Forest
Performance of States Top 5 states/UTs that have shown the maximum increase in forest cover are: Andhra Pradesh Karnataka Kerala Odisha Telangana Top 5 states* where forest cover has decreased are: Mizoram Nagaland Arunachal Pradesh Tripura *All states are in the North Eastern region of the country where the total forest cover is approx more than 70% in each state Meghalaya
Performance of States 15 states/UTs have above 33 per cent of the geographical area under forest cover. Out of these, 7 States/UTs which have more than 75% forest cover are 1. Mizoram 2. Lakshadweep 3. Andaman & Nicobar Islands 4. Arunachal Pradesh 5. Nagaland 6. Meghalaya 7. Manipur. 8 states/UTs have forest cover between 33 per cent to 75 per cent. They are: Tripura, Goa, Sikkim, Kerala, Uttarakhand, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Chhattisgarh and Assam.
BAMBOO The extent of bamboo-bearing area in the country has been estimated at 15.69 million ha. vThere has been an increase of 1.73 million ha in bamboo area compared to 2011 assessment. The Government has recently enacted a Bill in the Parliament for taking out bamboo from the tree category, where it is grown outside forest areas This will encourage people to grow bamboo on private lands, which will be helpful in increasing the livelihood opportunities for farmers and also enhance the green cover and carbon stock of the country
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