Roman Saini is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
Women's Role In INM Women In 20th Century Lesson-4 By Dr. Roman Saini
1.Sarojini Naidu During the course of her social work she met Gandhi in 1914 and volunteered to work with him and Gandhi chose her as a representative of women. She took up positions of political leadership and joined such organizations as the Congress and the Indian Social Conference. . Becoming an active member, she campaigned for widow remarriage, women's education, and women's suffrage. . She was a great advocate of Hindu-Muslim unity and cited it as one of the major sources of inspiration in her decision to join politics. .
She did become prominent in Civil disobedience movement and she was imprisoned when the march at Dharasana Salt Works However, she was also a well-renowned poetess and known the "Nightingale of India" She acted as first Governor of the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh. She is known for becoming the first woman governor of a state (Uttar Pradesh) in independent India. She was the second woman to become the president of the Indian National Congress, after Annie Besant. Also, the first Indian woman to preside the Kanpur Session in 1925. . . . . .
In 1928, she came to the USA with the message of the non- violence movement from Gandhiji. In 1931, she participated in the Round Table Summit, along with Gandhi Ji and Pandit Malaviya. . She was first Indian women who became president of UNO Mahasabha.
2. Madam Bhikaji Cama Bhikaji Cama was a philanthropist and a social worker. She was exiled to Europe and was allowed to come to India only if she promised not to take part in the freedom struggle. However, she continued to work for the freedom movement from abroad throughout her life. She even unfurled the Flag of Indian independence in Stuttgart, Germany at the International Socialist Conference in 1907 along with a powerful speech advocating the right to freedom. . . .
3. Annie Besant . Annie Besant is known as a reformer, labor organizer and strike leader, Shesvely involved in educational activities seting up wa n schools and colleges Annie Besant was a theosophist and a women's rights activist who traveled to India as a part of her theosophy related work and founded the Theosophical Society of India. She launched the Home Rule Movement in 1917 to campaign for the self-rule in India and edited 'New India' and 'Commonwealth' Annie Besant was elected as the first woman president of the Indian National Congress for one term at Calcutta in 1917 . . .
4. Kamala Nehru Kamala Nehru was in the forefront of the Non-Cooperation Movement to organized women in picketing shops selling foreign liquor and cloth. However, when her husband Jawaharlal Nehru was arrested for delivering a speech deemed as 'seditious' by the British, she went in his place to deliver it. . . She has been a pivot along with the Nehrus in the national movement. The British soon realized the threat that Kamala Nehru emerged as. . Hence, she was arrested on two occasions for involvement in Independence struggle activities, along with Sarojini Naidu and other women in the Indian freedom struggle.
5. Vijay Lakshmi Pandit She was Nehru's sister and entered the Non-Cooperation Movement and was imprisoned thrice in 1932, 1941 and 1942 . In 1937 she was elected to the Provincial legislature of the United Provinces and was designated minister of local self-government and public health She played an important role as India's representative in San Francisco during the first meeting of the UN where she challenged the might of the British . . She was the first woman to become the President of the United Nations General Assembly
6. Aruna Asaf Ali Aruna Asaf Ali played a pivotal role in the Quit India Movement and unfurled the flag in Bombay to signify the start of the movement. She was the prominent leader of the underground movement during the Quit India Movement. . . She edited 'Inquilab' a monthly journal of the Indian National Congress. . She took part in the Salt Satyagraha in the movement of the Mahatma Gandhi She has also received the India highest Civilian award the Bharat Ratna Posthumously in 1997. .
7. Rajkumari Amrit Kaur She was from the Royal family of Kapurthala state in Punjab . She was educated in England, but on returning to India came under the influence of Mahatma Gandhi and became one his close followers and life-long disciples. . She remained secretary of All India women's conference in 1930 and . She also served as the president of the Women's Association from 1931 . In 1932 she gave evidence before the Lothian committee on Indian president in 1938. to 1933. franchise.
8.Sucheta Kriplani Great Indian freedom fighter and politician Sucheta Kriplani like her contemporaries Aruna Asaf Ali and Usha Mehta came to the forefront during the Quit India Movement. She later worked closely with Mahatma Gandhi during the Partition riots. She accompanied him to Noakhali in 1946. Constitution on the August 1947. Constituent Assembly in 1947. She was the part of the sub-committee that drafted the Indian She sang Vande Mataram in the Independence session of the
10. Sarla Devi Chaudhurani With his husband Rambhuj Dutt Chaudhari, an Arya Samaj Leader, she founded 'Hindu Sahayak Sabha' in Lahore in 1906. The Sabhas were opened to form men and women physically match as they were instructed gymnastic exercise, swordplay, and Gatka fights and other activities. . In 1910, she founded 'Bharat Stree Mahamandal' at Allahabad to promote female education. She was a fervent follower of Mahatma Gandhi and established 'A Swaraj Ashram' in her home at Lahore to worked on the thought of Swadeshi and inspired girls to create textile cloth and propagated for Swaraj. .