Roman Saini is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
Women's Role In INM Women In 19th Century Lesson-3 By Dr. Roma n Saini
1. Maharani Velu Nachiyar Maharani VeluNachiyar(1730-1796) is the only female queen in India to . Perhaps she is the only one in the world to defeat the western powers defeat the British powers and remain undefeated. and remain undefeated. This 18th Century queen from Sivaganga Tamil Nadu was brought up like a prince and was trained in warfare. Her husband was killed by British soldiers and the son of the Nawab of Arcot. . She escaped with her daughter and lived under the protection of Hyder Ali at Virupachi near Dindigul for eight years. .
During this period she formed an army and sought an alliance with Gopala Nayaker and Hyder Ali with the aim of attacking the British In 1780, Rani Velu Nachiyar fought the British and won the battle. When Velu Nachiyar found the place where the British stocked their ammunition, she built the first human bomb. Her faithful follower, drone herself in oil, lights herself and walks into the storehouse . The Rani then formed a woman's army named "Udaiyaal" in honour of her adopted daughter Udaiyaal, who died detonating a British arsenal. This was the first women's army in modern times. . On 31st December 2008, a commemorative postage stamp on the queen was released by the Indian government.
2. Bequm Hazrat Al . She was the wife of the deposed ruler of Lucknow Wajid Ali Shah She took over the affairs of the state after her husband's demise. Not only did she reclaim Awadh from the British, she even reinstated her son on the throne. Further, she made efforts in the direction of making people realize that the British were not sympathetic to Indian sentiments. She called out how the British rule demolished mosques and temples alike for the construction of roads to exploit the Indian. . .
She actively took part in the revolt of 1857 against the Doctrine of Lapse under which Dalhousie wanted her to surrender Lucknow. She gave stiff resistance to British army but after the fall of Lucknow, she escaped to Kathmandu.
3.Rani Lakshmibai Rani Lakshmibai was the great heroine of the First war of India Freedom in 1857. She showed the embodiment of patriotism, self-respect, and heroism. . She was born in 1835 to Moropant Tambe, a Brahmin officer in the . Her childhood name was Manikarnika and grew up in the Peshwa's . Her playmates were Nana Sahib, the son of the Peshwa, Rao Sahib, Maratha army and adviser to Chimaji Appa. court. Bala Sahib and Tatya Tope who would later be her allies in the rebellion.
She has left a legacy of a revolutionary and military leader of the rebellion against the colonial power . Lakshmi Bai is considered as a legend and as a symbol of nationalism during the more structured phase or the independence movement. Her bravery, so greatly impacted the freedom struggle, that leaders like Subhas Chandra Bose used the legend of the Rani as a symbol of patriotism and dubbed her "the first heroine" of the "first war of independence". .
4. Pandita Ramabai Pandita Ramabai is remembered as one of the 'makers of modern India' and the 'greatest woman produced by modern India'. She was given the title of Pandita' or learned as was considered a learned scholar and exponent of Sanskrit. She traveled widely, nationally and internationally and embraced Christianity She worked incessantly against the social injustice against the women in the society She is known for her efforts to provide shelter to widows against all odds and gave them education and vocational training to become self- dependent
5. Savitribai Phule Another great woman who contributed to the emancipation of women in the 19th century was Savitribai Phule. . Along with her husband Mahatma Jyotirao Phule, she played an important role in improving the condition of women through an emphasis on wom . en's rights in India. She was the first female teacher of the first women's school in Pune. . In 1852, she opened a school for untouchable girls. . Both husband and wife worked tirelessly to educate and carry out social struggles for the oppressed class during the 19th century
6. Tarabai Shinde Savitribai Phule got an avid helper in Tarabai Shinde in her mission to the emancipation of women. Tarabai Shinde was a feminist activist who protested against patriarchy and caste system prevalent in Indian society She helped Jyotiba and Savitribai in running their organization the Satyashodhak Samaj for the upliftment of the downtrodden women especially widow women. She was a magnificent writer and is best known for her work "Stri Purush Tulana"(A Comparison between Women and Men) .